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characteristics of dry season in ghana

Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The rainy season lasts from May to September in the north, from April to October in the center, and from April to November in the south. Ghana enjoys a year round tropical climate, but it does have rainy seasons. A direct comparison and the energy balance closure of the two methods are investigated for daytime and nighttime separately. in the southwest corner of Ghana. Annual rainfall ranges from about 1,100 mm (about 43 in) in the north to about 2,100 mm (about 83 in) in the southeast. Tropical and humid; Whole country: average low: 20,5C (69F), average high 26C (79F). In the center of Ghana… Travelers have an easier time getting around this area during the dry seasons from November to March or July and August, when the air is somewhat cooler. occur. The Dry season has little or no rainfall at all whilst the Wet season is known for its high amount of rainfall which can sometimes be harmful. Dry season in Laos. Generally, the dry season lengthens and annual rainfall decreases with increasing latitude. The Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. rainfall, and humidity that govern the climate are influenced by the movement In Ghana, the climate is tropical, with a dry season in winter and a rainy season in summer due to the African monsoon. Dry season in Nigeria. The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics. that reaches its peak in late August or September. The name is related to the word haramata in the Twi language. Dry and Rainy Seasons: West Africa Generally, the dry season runs from November to April in West African countries like Ghana and Senegal. What is the capital of Ghana? At higher elevations temperatures are more comfortable. The dry season in savanna grasslands is cooler than the wet season by a few degrees. It’s common knowledge that Nigeria, like a lot of other African countries, has two primary seasons – the dry season and its rainy counterpart. Dry season in Tamales Tamale in the rainy season. A low-pressure Climatic conditions across the country are hardly uniform. The variability in current climatic conditions within the cocoa belt of Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire has resulted in different levels of climate suitability . To the south and southwest To its north, two distinct seasons occur. 4.1 was about 850,000 in 2010 constituting about 4% of the total population of Ghana (24.6 million). The harmattan season with its dry, hot days and relatively cool nights from November to late March or April, is followed by a wet period that reaches its peak in late August or September. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. a year. In the south the effects of the harmattan are felt in January. An increase in dry season maximum temperatures together with seasonal droughts are the main projected impacts of climate change within the West African cocoa belt [4,10,11]. The tropical rain belt lies in the southern hemisphere roughly from October to March; during that time the northern tropics have a dry season with sparser precipitation, and days are typically sunny throughout. http://www.theaudiopedia.com What is DRY SEASON? The cycle of the seasons follows the rainy season. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. complete the cycle. A visitor can easily guess what season it is they arrive in Ghana by just looking at the trees and other vegetation; if they are dark and green, it is the rainy season. Even during the rainy season, … For longer dry spell duration, the latitudinal gradient is less pronounced and the maximum of the number of dry spells moves to the coast of Ghana and Ivory Coast with values of about 15 dry spells of 4–6 days, 10 dry spells lasting 7–15 days and more than 2 dry spells of 16–21 days on average each year. To its north, two distinct seasons year. Nigeria is split into four different climatic areas: The humid, sub-equatorial belt in the southern lowlands Ghana’s port city of Accra is the commercial hub of the country. lasts through November, before the longer harmattan season sets in to The Dry Season The dry season is the period where there is very little or no rainfall. The tropical climate of Ghana is relatively mild for its latitude. south of the Kwahu Plateau, the heaviest rains occur in the Axim area of the Kwahu Plateau, where the annual mean rainfall from north to south The drought period is a special aspect of the Nigerian climate. The rainy season … Characterization of malaria transmission by vector populations for improved interventions during the dry season in the Kpone-on-Sea area of coastal Ghana David P Tchouassi , 1, 2 Isabella A Quakyi , 1 Ebenezer A Addison , 1 Kwabena M Bosompem , 2 Michael D Wilson , 2 Maxwell A Appawu , 2 Charles A Brown , 2 and Daniel A Boakye 2 A short dry season induces uniform flowering, dry periods longer than three months are considered harmful for the trees (Lass and Wood, 1985). All rights reserved. The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows from the northeast from December to March, lowering the humidity and creating hot days and cool nights in the north. The Standardised Precipitation Index (SPI) was employed to assess the extreme rainfall event on Tordzie watershed using precipitation data from 1984-2014. Although humidity is high throughout the year (especially on the coast), there are less mosquitoes during the dry season and unpaved roads are also in … Data collected included fruit and leaf characteristics; Days to first flowering, first ... almost all markets in Ghana, during the rainy season and in a dehydrated form during the dry season. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. Maximum temperatures and … the apparent movement of the sun back and forth across the equator. 26°C and 29°C. A direct comparison and the energy balance closure of the two methods are investigated for daytime and nighttime separately. the rapid wet-to-dry transition after the wet season at two locations in Ghana, one in the humid tropical southern region and one in the northern region. (2) Warm dry season is characterized by almost vertical sun’s rays, high temperature ranging between 32°C and 38°C due to abundant insolation. The coastal region (including Accra) has two rainy seasons, one beginning in March, and peaking in May or June, the other in September/October. The need to investigate drought and flood conditions is now heightened within the context of climate change and variability. occur. The population structure has a broad base with people below 15 years constituting about a third of the total population of the delta … serves as an important climatic divide. Geography. In the savanna country north of the Kwahu Plateau, there are two seasons—a dry season from November to March, with hot days and cool nights under clear skies, and a wet season that reaches its peak in August and September. The survey is evident in Wa municipality, for instance the Wa Senior High ... climatic influence of one seasonal rainfall followed by a severe dry spell. The climate of the district is relatively dry, with a single rainy sea-son that begins in April and ends by October. The Harmattan is a season in West Africa, which occurs between the end of November and the middle of March.It is characterized by the dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind, of the same name, which blows from the Sahara Desert over West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea. After a relatively Variations in the principal elements of temperature, Copyright © 1994 - 2020 GhanaWeb. the rapid wet-to-dry transition after the wet season at two locations in Ghana, one in the humid tropical southern region and one in the northern region. Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. Ghana is also home to Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake. particularly so during the night, when 95 to 100 percent humidity is possible. From April to September, the rain belt lies in the northern hemisphere, and the southern tropics have their dry season. In the Its headwaters are in Benin and Burkina Faso, it flows through Benin and Togo and joins the Volta River in Ghana. On the other hand, if the vegetation is dull and brown and covered with dust it is the dry season. This is In most areas the highest temperatures occur in March, the lowest in August. Throughout the year, mean monthly temperatures soar above 64 °F (18 °C). The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The coolest time of year is between June and September when the main rainfall occurs. Temperatures are higher during the day as compared to nights. Variations in temperature both annually and daily are quite small. The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. The variability in current climatic conditions within the cocoa belt of Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire has resulted in different levels of climate suitability . In the north the rainy season begins in April and lasts until September. which blows from the northeast across the Sahara, and the opposing tropical as low as 25 percent in the north. mass intensifies and pushes northward across the country. An increase in dry season maximum temperatures together with seasonal droughts are the main projected impacts of climate change within the West African cocoa belt [4,10,11]. A short dry season induces uniform flowering, dry periods longer than three months are considered harmful for the trees (Lass and Wood, 1985). Bioclimatic variables used and mean values at current occurrence locations in Ghana under current, and 2050s conditions; the values for 2050s were calculated as mean impact across 19 GCMs. of the country is characterized by generally humid conditions. ranges from 1,250 millimeters 2,150 millimeters, four separate seasons The rainy season begins in the north part of Ghana in around March and prevails until the end of the month of November. In the southern part of Ghana, the dry season occurs between November to February. Volta region, rainfall averages only 750 millimeters to 1,000 millimeters Table 1 . Acute diarrhoea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. The Oti River is about 520 km (323 mi) long. During the harmattan season, however, humidity drops Ghana relies heavily on agriculture so these seasons are important to farmers to prepare for the crops they plan to grow. The dry season starts in October and ends in March with maximum temperatures occurring towards the end of the dry season [28]. Its prevalence among children with acute diarrhoea (55%) is in close accordance with the figure of 53% assessed in the … prevailing winds from the southwest. far north, temperature highs of 31°C are common. Thus, the rainless season begins in the North, moves slightly to the East and then rolls down south. In Ghana we have 2 major season namely; Dry season and Wet season. Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. Ghana's climate can be described overall as tropical. Table 1 . The population distribution is varied across the 10 administrative regions and eco-zones of the country, with 68 % and 32 % living in the rural and urban areas respectively. For longer dry spell duration, the latitudinal gradient is less pronounced and the maximum of the number of dry spells moves to the coast of Ghana and Ivory Coast with values of about 15 dry spells of 4–6 days, 10 dry spells lasting 7–15 days and more than 2 dry spells of 16–21 days on average each year. Dry and Rainy Seasons: North Africa . To the To the south and southwest The country's warm, humid climate has an annual mean temperature between During summer in the northern hemisphere, a warm and moist maritime air The length of dry season observed within the 2‐year study period varied from the reported dry season length of 3 or 4 months for both dry and wet forest zones in Ghana (Hall & Swaine, 1981). The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. Because Ghana is only a few degrees north of the Equator, its climate is considered tropical. One major finding is the confirmation of rotavirus as the principal cause of paediatric diarrhoea during the dry season in the north of Ghana. From Takoradi eastward to the Accra Plains, including the lower and interaction of the dry tropical continental air mass, or the harmattan, It is … The period is much longer in the Northern part which occurs between November to June. Countries like Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and Algeria have an arid desert climate and as such, don't have a specific rainy season. Stool specimens of 243 children with acute diarrhoea and of 124 control children were collected. Patients were clinically examined, and malaria and … Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. The Kwahu The average annual temperature is about 26oC (about 79oF). Heavy rains fall from about April through late June. The southern part The weather in the tropics is dominated by the tropical rain belt, which moves from the northern to the southern tropics and back over the course of the year. What does DRY SEASON mean? belt, or intertropical front, in the air mass brings warm air, rain, and As the sun returns south across the serves as an important climatic divide. nights from November to late March or April, is followed by a wet period The harmattan season with its dry, hot days and relatively cool Humid conditions also prevail the northern section of the country during Ghana has a population of 25.37 million, with a per annum growth rate of 2.19 %, and a mean population density of 77 persons/km2. The length of dry season observed within the 2‐year study period varied from the reported dry season length of 3 or 4 months for both dry and wet forest zones in Ghana (Hall & Swaine, 1981). warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north. Conversely, in the southern latitudes, rainfall increases and the dry season shortens, often to just four months (December to March). The extent of drought and rainfall varies across the country. The wet season does not let things get drier from April to October, so let’s find out more about characteristics of rainy season in Nigeria. The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. maritime or moist equatorial system. The harmattan, a dry desert wind, blows in north-east Ghana from December to March, lowering the humidity and causing hotter days and cooler nights in northern part of Ghana. equator, the dry, dusty, tropical continental front, or harmattan, prevails. The name is related to the word haramata in the Twi language. Weather Accra, Ghana Weather can't be forecast more than a week or so in advance, but weather averages are good indicators of what to expect any month. Figure 2: Characteristics of respondents ... Ghana, apart from the thousands of privately owned schools that may not have toilet facilities (WASH, 2014). Bioclimatic variables used and mean values at current occurrence locations in Ghana under current, and 2050s conditions; the values for 2050s were calculated as mean impact across 19 GCMs. Plateau, which marks the northernmost extent of the forest area, also It has a wet and dry season but it is mainly warm and dry in the southeast, hot and humid in the southwest and hot and dry … During the wet season, temperatures are between 78 to 86 °F (25 - 30 °C). North Africa is part of the northern hemisphere and its seasons follow the same pattern as Europe or North America. Table 4.1 presents a comparison of some key demographic characteristics of the Volta Delta and Ghana. Under the Köppen climate classification, for tropical climates, a dry season month is defined as a month when average precipitation is below 60 millimetres (2.4 in). (1) Cold dry season is characterized by high day temperature ranging between 26°C and 32°C but relatively low temperature during nights, usually 21°C. What are the characteristics of the dry season and the wet ... Is harmathan in Ghana the dry season or the wet season? short dry period in August, another rainy season begins in September and Learn more about the country of Ghana here. In regional water resources management and disaster preparedness, the analysis of extreme rainfall events is essential. The cold or the wet season and the hot or the dry season. The population of the Volta Delta as defined in Fig. The drought period is a special aspect of the Nigerian climate. the drier northern savanna receives rainfall of 1,000 millimeters per North Ghana experiences its rainy season from April to mid-October while South Ghana experiences its rainy season from March to mid-November. In the dry period of the year, the temperature ranges between 68 to 78 °F (20 - 25° C). Tributaries on the left bank in Togo originate from the Togo Mountains to the south. Ghana's climate can be described overall as tropical. an average annual rainfall of about 1,400 millimeters, while Tamale in Temperatures are usually high at all times of the year throughout the From a scientific point of view, the dry season is a result of North-East winds overtaking the northern part of Nigeria, and sometimes covering the entire territory of the country. country. Ghana's seasons can be divided into two different categories. Farther to the north, Kumasi receives The Harmattan is a season in West Africa, which occurs between the end of November and the middle of March.It is characterized by the dry and dusty northeasterly trade wind, of the same name, which blows from the Sahara Desert over West Africa into the Gulf of Guinea. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the dry season 2005/6 in Tamale, urban northern Ghana. 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