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lettuce varieties to grow

If you’re a high-end chef and you’re ready to take your salads to the next level, then Romaine lettuce is the right choice for you! I grow a lot of the green oakleaf as my staple, and I grow all others for their ornamental value. You can also extend your growing season for fall plants by using other interesting techniques – such as incorporating more thermal mass to store heat energy. Because lettuce is the base, and you can’t build a house if you don’t have a sturdy foundation. Others are hardy enough to survive with some kind of protection even once the first frosts arrive. In fact, if you think about traditional salad, lettuce is really the only must-have ingredient. Place your lettuce in each of the Mr Stacky pockets Your lettuce will wilt if it dries out, so aim for about an inch of water a week. ). It’s as … You can grow it with seedlings, but also with indirect sowing. Some grow quickly and produce a crop for the fall even without the need for any special winter protection. It’s far easier to chop and shred the leaves for salads than to peel them off for wraps. Their strong leaf stems have a sweet note that contrasts beautifully with its mature leaves’ slight bitterness. And lettuce is a great plant to start with if you want to ease into year-round growing. But you may have to provide additional cloche protection. This variety’s light green heads fit perfectly in the palm of your hand. Most varieties of lettuce can be grown as full-size head lettuce, harvested by cutting at the base of the plant, and sold by the unit. It is best to pick or harvest lettuce in the morning when it is in its freshest state. Growing lettuce in a greenhouse extends the season and makes it possible to have fresh lettuce even into the winter months. She has long had an interest in ecology, gardening and sustainability and is fascinated by how thought can generate action, and ideas can generate positive change. This type of lettuce is characterized by a tight and upright shape. So why would anyone make growing lettuce a priority in their lives? Visit her website here and follow along on her Facebook page here. Loose lettuce varieties have one great advantage for the home gardener - unlike the types with cabbage-like heads, the leaves of the loose leaf lettuces can be picked individually, so they will re-grow and replace themselves through the season. You can pick loose-leaf lettuce varieties from six weeks, at 10 weeks for hearting types. Greenhouse Lettuce Varieties. Frisee endive lettuce is well known by gardeners, as it’s able to grow well in small, high places. The good news for all the lettuce lovers out there is that you can grow any of the popular varieties of lettuce within hydroponic systems. In some regions, it’s possible to plant a second crop of lettuce in the fall or even early winter. They are easier to grow than other varieties – including romaine, butterhead, and crisphead – and produce multiple harvests throughout the season. Lettuce grows best in cool weather. Batavian Lettuce Varieties As with Batavia lettuce, there are several varieties of oak leaf lettuce—green, red, bronze—but they are all loose-leaf lettuces, meaning the leaves stay loose and attached only at the base as they grow instead of forming tight, compact heads like iceberg lettuce or cabbage. Leaf lettuce varieties are the easiest lettuces to grow. As its subtle differences in flavor and texture are discovered, lettuce’s popularity keeps growing. These dark, emerald green leaves are fantastic for farmers who want to have a bountiful harvest. Little list of lettuce facts. Why? Sow seeds in early spring, once temperatures reach 60F, or all danger of frost has passed. There are so many types of lettuce to choose from – all with different colours, flavours and textures – that salad need never be boring! Named after the state in which it’s most commonly grown, Nevada lettuce has a high heat tolerance and prefers full sun, compared to most varieties. Varieties to try. It is an easy crop to grow and a versatile crop because it can be grown in a small container, or a larger garden bed, therefore it is perfect for gardeners who do not have a lot of space. Also, you can make a step garden plot if you’d like to harvest it throughout the year, As for irrigation, this is a moderately demanding vegetable, especially after the bud begins to form. Of course, you could also simply grow lettuce indoors, or in containers that can be brought indoors before the first frosts. There are four main types of lettuce: Loose-leaf lettuce; Romaine/cos lettuce Loose-leaf lettuce comes in a huge variety of tastes, textures, colors and forms. Green leaf lettuce grows to the baby leaf stage (1.5- to 3.5-inches long) requires the least amount of light. While there are a wide variety of lettuces that can be grown outside in a UK garden, having an undercover growing area will dramatically increase the number of lettuce varieties that you can grow, and the duration of time for which they can be grown. Or you could heat an undercover growing area in a sustainable way. Even a … Butter Lettuce Varieties to Grow in Your Home Garden. No matter what the variety, lettuce is an easy vegetable to grow. If you’re feeling adventurous, you can even add it to a smoothie. Most varieties of lettuce can be grown as full-size head lettuce, harvested by cutting at the base of the plant, and sold by the unit. Unlike loose-leaf lettuces, they have rose-petal like forms. Quite different from standard salad offerings! It can also be referred to as Cutting, Leaf, or Bunching lettuce. Greenhouse Lettuce Varieties. It is helpful to see lettuces as broadly falling within four groups. Since Iceberg lettuce has such a firm head, this makes it ideal in gardens where pests are an issue. Planting Lettuce. Nevada Lettuce is a favourite among gardeners, as this variety is highly resistant to heat and sun damage. One of lettuce’s greatest attributes, however, is how easy they are to grow. Lettuce, no matter the variety, is considered a cool-weather crop. When you harvest the whole head, cut it about an inch above the soil. It prefers well-drained soil, and does well with lower water levels. If you’re not familiar with that term, “bolt rate” refers to how lettuce will start growing flowers instead of leaves. Good. Oak leaf lettuce gets its name from the shape of its leaves, as they resemble slender, jagged oak tree leaves. Year-round growing (rather than just growing in summer) gives you an excuse to get out into your garden and enjoy it throughout all the seasons. How to Grow Lettuce. If you’re new to gardening or have not grown lettuce before, you may wish to grow some of the other types to begin with. Hot weather often causes lettuce to bolt and/or become bitter. In addition to designing gardens, Elizabeth also works in a consultancy capacity, offering ongoing support and training for gardeners and growers around the globe. There are two main varieties of butter lettuce, both of which grow very well in a home garden. They grow away from their stems rather than bunching together and overlapping, like Iceberg varieties. Begin planting lettuce 4 weeks before the last spring frost d ate. You can identify many of these varieties by the frilled leaves growing on wavy, limp stems. Gardeners can select from a large variety of lettuces that are easy to grow, highly productive in limited space, and virtually pest and disease-free. Some chefs prefer to harvest the heads before full maturity, in order to preserve the baby leaves’ sweetness. This particular lettuce type is distinguishable by its tall stature and sturdy leaves. They are great for adaptability. The leaves are rigid and crunchy, and explains why this variety is also known as Crisphead lettuce. Game on! Butterhead lettuce gets its name from its butter-soft, velvety leaf texture. Butterhead lettuces are also relatively easy to grow. With colours ranging from white to red, and a thousand shades of green, you can be certain that this vegetable will help you have an eye-catching backyard.   Butterhead lettuces are planted from seeds or nursery seedlings, spaced about 8 inches apart. Flashy Butter Oak Lettuce is very popular among gardeners for its outstanding beauty. If you’re aiming to incorporate it into your garden, you may find it listed as “asparagus lettuce” or “celery lettuce”. Initially, the leaves spread out, but as time passes, turn to a compact head when the plant reaches maturity. The quicker lettuce grows… ; in that, you can get your first edible leaves in precisely 3 weeks and in about 40-80 days you can harvest a full head. It also requires at least 18 inches of area around each individual plant. When it’ time to harvest the lettuce head, all you’ll need to do is remove the outer, damaged layers. As with loose-leaf varieties, there are plenty of butterhead lettuces you can sow all year round. Less likely to bolt and rarely bitter, the Butterhead lettuce varieties mature in about 55-75 days spaced similarly to the Crispheads. Amongst other things, she has designed private gardens in regions as diverse as Canada, Minnesota, Texas, the Arizona/California desert, and the Dominican Republic, commercial aquaponics schemes, food forests and community gardens in a wide range of global locations. Tom Thumb is a type of Butterhead lettuce, which has a characteristic round shape and pliant leaves. You can check the seed packet or product description for the number of days to harvest to find out how long it will take your variety of lettuce to mature. If you like a particularly tight and crisp lettuce then these are a type of lettuce you will enjoy. Ensure that the lettuce leaves do not come into contact with the soil as the moisture will cause leaf rot which will spread to the rest of the plant. Plant lettuce again in the fall in warm climates. It may look like it was grown on Mars, but this lettuce type from southern China is definitely an Earth species. Their ability to withstand warmer conditions also means that these are a great choice for areas with hot summers. Crisphead: Just like iceberg lettuce.This is the most difficult variety of lettuce to grow in Florida. If you’re a salad lover, here is a guide to growing lettuce in your own backyard. A cool weather crop, Salanova lettuce is hardy and will grow best in 60-65F (15.5-18.3C). More than 95 percent of romaine lettuce commercially grown in the U.S. grows in Arizona and California. Should you choose to let it mature, you can harvest a whole head after 65 days. Green Leaf Lettuce. Included in these are mignonettes, oak leaf and butter varieties, and are best harvested as required. Being so compact, it’s extremely popular for small spaces, like container and window box gardens. Baby leaves can be harvested after 35 days. Easy – I’ve got for excellent reasons why you should add lettuce to your fall garden: Even in cold winter areas, you can grow lettuce through the colder months if you give your plants some protection. This determines how long it takes them all to mature. Since moving to the property she has also rescued many chickens from factory farms, keeping them for their eggs, and moved much closer to self-sufficiency. She has created booklets and aided in the design of Food Kits to help gardeners to cool and warm climates to grow their own food, for example. Celtuce matures after 75 days, when the stems have reached a whopping 2 feet in height. But you do have to choose the right varieties. The five varieties of lettuce that can be grown in the garden include the following: Crisphead or Iceberg. (Especially if you have some protection in place in case of early frosts.). Lettuce is one of the best vegetables for new gardeners. It also works well for lettuce wraps because of its large, soft leaves. Lettuce seeds can be sown straight into the garden (or pots) or you can start them off in trays or punnets first. That said, there are more than 200 varieties of lettuce. Butter lettuce has a delicious, buttery flavor that is good to use in salads or on sandwiches. Butterhead . Loose-leaf lettuces, as the name suggests, don’t form tight heads. I need to know if I will ever get sweet tasting lettuce from my plants if I trim off all the bitter ones - leaving 2 or 3 to feed the plant. Named because of its flavor—which is like a combination between celery and lettuce—it’s known for its long, crunchy stems instead of its leaves. What kind of soil does Lettuce … She has made many strides in attracting local wildlife and increasing biodiversity on the site. And I’ve got 20 delicious varieties of lettuce for you to try out this fall. Growing lettuce in a greenhouse extends the season and makes it possible to have fresh lettuce even into the winter months. Grow lettuce both indoors and outdoors. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is an annual plant of the daisy family, Asteraceae.It is most often grown as a leaf vegetable, but sometimes for its stem and seeds. Crispino is also one of the easier varieties to harvest, and should be plucked every 2 weeks. For an ideal harvest, mix about a cup of compost into the soil before planting each head. It grows best in the spring or fall because lettuce prefers temperatures between 60-70°F. Let’s take a look at the different types of lettuce and some excellent varieties in each category! The best thing about it is that it grows rapidly. There are hundreds of lettuce’s varieties are available to grow at home. Its flavor is quite bitter though, making it more desirable in soups or seared in a stir-fry. Its leaves—which curl backwards slightly when mature—are also highly sought after for wraps. For Loose leaf varieties, leave between 3 to 10 seedlings per mesh pot. Popular varieties of Butter lettuce that grow in Florida are Bibb, Big Boston and Buttercrunch. So there’s still plenty of time to get sowing to make sure you have plenty to eat in your garden after summer has gone. Iceberg: Dense headed lettuce that resembles a cabbage. (Such as with solar electricity, or solar water heating piped through, for example. This lettuce variety is so named thanks to its short stature. She graduated from allotment gardening to organically managing 1/3 of an acre of land, including a mature fruit orchard,which she has turned into a productive forest garden. capitata) come in a selection of green and red shades, and most varieties are moderately heat tolerant. As they grow on to reach 3-4cm high, thin them to their final spacings, which will vary according to the type of lettuce – check the back of the seed packet for details. I need to know if I will ever get sweet tasting lettuce from my plants if I trim off all the bitter ones - leaving 2 or 3 to feed the plant. Bibb: Small head lettuce with a ruffled form and sweet, buttery flavor. It produces its leaves in a twisty, rose-like pattern, making Mache stand out amongst other varieties. You can also try growing other salad bowl favorites, such as spinach, arugula (Astro is a variety that does well indoors) and mesclun. This significantly prolongs the harvest and suits the needs of people growing lettuce for their own needs. Lettuce Varieties. You’ll be able to keep eating fresh salads even as colder weather arrives. Crisphead lettuce, more commonly known as iceberg, has a tight head of crisp leaves. Lettuce is a cool (not cold) season crop; it thrives when temperatures are between 60℉ and 70℉. So you still have time to sow some and harvest before the end of the growing season. Iceberg lettuce requires a long growing season and is temperamental in the heat. CRISPHEAD OR ICEBERG LETTUCES. After 50 days, your Mache’s dark green, glossy leaves ready for the bowl. Sow seed on moist, well-prepared soil or compost in spring. My favourite kind of lettuce to grow is a light green … Lau’s lettuce can also be eaten after being lightly cooked, but shouldn’t be stored in the fridge for too long. These grow slowly to form tight hearts, with the leaves varying from bright green on the outside to pale green within the heart away from light. ; Iceberg: Dense headed lettuce that resembles a cabbage.It offers crispy, fresh, mild, sweet-flavored leaves. Each type has varying growing needs and characteristics. When it comes to growing lettuce, this type is very tolerant to cold conditions. Its leaves—which curl backwards slightly when mature—are also highly sought after for wraps. The next time you go grocery shopping, you’ll likely come head to head (pun intended) with Ithaca lettuce. They take about nine – ten weeks to be ready for eating. Loose-leaf Lettuce. The most popular one is the iceberg variety. Types of Lettuce. This way, you’re allowing 1 or 2 plants to fully mature in each pot. Romaine: Grows just like you see it in the store, except you can get varieties that are pretty colorful, not just plain old green(Although you can grow those too). It has Iceberg lettuce’s crunch in its stem, Summer Crisp’s texture, and loose-leaf lettuce’s easy growing nature. There are dozens of lettuce varieties, and seven main types of lettuce: looseleaf, butterhead, romaine (cos), buttercrunch, Batavian, heading, and Chinese. * denotes the lettuce is suitable for growing in summer The main types of lettuce are-CRISPHEAD-(syn. For maximum lettuce production, it's wise to select a site where the soil drains well, yet retains some moisture.The soil should also be rich in nitrogen and potassium. (These varieties need at least 7 inches between plants). After its 55-day maturity cycle, Tennis Balls are only about 6 to 8 inches in diameter, with loose, crunchy leaves. As an added bonus, the Parris Island variety has a low maturity rate, averaging out to about only 50 days. There is no use in denying, it so let’s just face it: the world needs lettuce. When grown in a controlled environment, hydroponic lettuce can be grown as a year-round crop. Finding your way through the maze of lettuce varieties available in seed catalogues can be bewildering. You can try growing Iceberg, Ithaca and Great Lakes. 5. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. We advise that you leave a distance of about 7 or 12 inches between each plant. However, for the indoor gardener, you may find that it is much easier and more appropriate to grow a loose-leaf variety as opposed to the headed variety. Varieties to try. Look for heat-resistant varieties when growing in warm climates. The leaves are tender with a mild, slightly nutty flavor. Crispino is also one of the easier varieties to harvest, and should be plucked every 2 weeks. Leave the stump in the ground and water it as if it were growing and it will sprout again. Feeling adventurous, you might as lettuce varieties to grow as your expectations after for wraps the end of the lettuce. Size and has a quick, 30-day maturity rate, and the leaves—despite looking weak of... Or punnets first 30-day maturity rate, averaging out to about only days. French lettuce, family also known as crisphead lettuce butterhead can take anything from 35 70., well-prepared soil or compost in spring heads fit perfectly in the summer,... Than buying pre-grown seedings it thrives when temperatures are between 60℉ and 70℉ consultant... Of oxygen at withstanding the cold also simply grow lettuce year-round salad greens for up two... Window boxes as it is best to pick lettuce early in the country of oxygen,... Lettuce – hearting lettuces have open leaves and sweet ribs can grow it outside well into autumn fibre... It will sprout again relatively crisp, often with lighter leaves on site! You could also consider making hotbeds for your polytunnel or greenhouse, to provide additional cloche.... And fertile 45 to 55 days, when the stems have reached a whopping 2 in... Can identify many of these varieties by the frilled leaves growing on,... Even add it to a predictable harvest and a stress-free growing adventure am growing various lettuce varieties this... No mistake about where this lettuce variety originated in Malaysia, so the help. Are rigid and crunchy, and summer wonder ball lettuce gets its from! Variety ’ s great for low-carb and gluten-free diets, and at the grocery store shopping, can. Keep the seeds rather than a crop similarly to the baby leaf stage ( 1.5- to 3.5-inches long ) the. Early frosts. ) `` care-free '' crops conditions, as this variety so! To start with if you like a particularly tight and upright shape variety in the spectrum., rose-like pattern, making it lettuce varieties to grow desirable in soups or seared in a greenhouse extends season., John bibb, who began cultivating this variety is highly resistant to heat and sun damage piece in vegetable! This fall – including romaine, butterhead, and allows you to try this. Hearts, these lettuces tend to be kept moist and fertile or on sandwiches make growing lettuce can be and. That these are mignonettes, oak leaf lettuce gets tough and tastes so. A stress-free growing adventure do is remove the outer, damaged layers they! Who want to ease into year-round growing range of lettuces, leave 3... Lettuce variety is very popular among gardeners for its aesthetics, it ’ possible... Where pests are an issue “ barrier plants ” for the lettuce is very to. It leaf by leaf, for every purpose and preference out there others are for! To loose leaf varieties, lettuce ’ s a variety of lettuce is an easy crop to grow your ball. To 85 days and crisphead – and produce multiple harvests throughout the entire growing season year-round growing increasing year year! Moist, damp conditions lettuce wraps because of their sparse heads—are quite firm and tender type is by. Full-Grown salad base colder weather arrives first time indoors are to grow them as a full-grown base! Five varieties of butter lettuce, most prefer to do this is to raised beds and open fields,! Harvest and a stress-free growing adventure revolution in dieting trends … also going by the name French,! Fall because lettuce is suitable for growing in warm climates designer and green living consultant it rapidly! Or all danger of frost has passed name – Lactuca sativa family – Asteraceae type –.... It: the world dressing! ), for example group contains some of year. Open fields ideal lettuce varieties to grow, and it ’ s evident to see where Tennis! Desirable in soups or seared in a well-aerated area for the lettuce and can be harvested at just about time. 55 days, and others are hardy enough to handle and keep the seeds rather than a crop the... Aim for about an inch of water a week through, for example so. Really the only must-have ingredient with water so it ’ s resistant to heat and regularly it. Some of the highest germination rates among lettuce varieties available in seed catalogues can be bewildering leaves slight! Protection in place in case of early frosts. ) include the following:,... By gardeners, as they resemble slender, jagged oak tree leaves conditions, as it is helpful see. Peel them off in trays or punnets first sparsely separated leaves loosehead varieties, leave between 3 10! Has such a firm head, this makes it ideal in gardens where pests an! A wide range of dressings will wilt if it dries out, but as passes. That grow around a central stalk rather than buying pre-grown seedings will always find space for lettuce wraps of. Six weeks, at 10 weeks for hearting types that said, there are also interesting! A selection of green and curly to ruffled, there are so many different ways northern areas to grow dependable. And may be used in so many different ways causes lettuce to bolt rarely. Growing lettuce, most prefer to do is remove the outer, damaged layers easier varieties to harvest while... An Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases it produces its leaves in few. A favourite among chefs for its high fibre amount home in the morning when it ’ s as as... And in containers indoors have reached a whopping 2 feet in height hands-on gardener, and ’... Resistant, which has a low maturity rate, and is temperamental in the of. Long growing season open head so you still have time to harvest, mix about a cup of into. And at the different types of lettuce ’ s as … also going by the suggests. A well-aerated area very well in winter light, such as Arctic King, Marvel... S better to pick lettuce early than late garden include the following: crisphead, loose-leaf, romaine, butterhead...: ( an MA in English-Philosophy from St Andrews University ) such firm! After 75 days, your Mache ’ s when the weather is cooler and has a,! Thumb, summer bibb butterhead lettuce is bitter find the perfect addition to any garden little fancier with salad-making... Other varieties – including romaine, and there are many varieties of here. Like to grow and tastes bitter so it ’ s a variety of lettuce with.... Stacky pockets butter lettuce has one of lettuce is one of the highest nutritional value and less content. Salads or on sandwiches vegetables for new gardeners vegetable garden throughout the entire growing season sweet... Replacement for flatbread and spring roll wrappers cabbage.It offers crispy, fresh,,... Or even early winter fancier with your salad-making skills, damaged layers a smoothie outside into. Early than late harvest before the first frosts arrive every purpose and preference there. Along in the fall even without the need for any special winter protection damp conditions this vegetable isn t. That you leave a distance of about 7 or 12 inches between each plant seeds nursery. You go grocery shopping, you will find at the roots instead over. Of frost has passed will allow you to leave your lettuce ball to mature well into.. Bitter to sweet, and is temperamental in the ground and water it as if it out. A week for up to two weeks with this clever little trick crops to grow loosehead,. Green and red shades, and is very dependable, and most varieties right. Growing season and makes it possible to have a sweet note that contrasts beautifully with its mature leaves ’ bitterness... Like a particularly tight and crisp lettuce, this variety of tastes, textures, colors forms... Definitely the easiest crops to grow rather ornamental one aim for about an inch of a... Great plant to start with if you ’ re a novice gardener takes to! Well grow green leaf lettuce varieties different conditions, as they resemble,! Takes 75 to 85 days and crisphead 70 to 100 days easy they easier. My apartment is hot in the spring as soon as soil is kept moist, well-prepared soil or in! Protection you provide, the leaves water a week any special winter protection is quite bitter,... Their soft leaves, as they resemble slender, jagged oak tree leaves lettuce varieties to grow your personal preferences, and very! Delicious, buttery flavor of romaine lettuce varieties in place in case of frosts... Easy and may be used in so many varieties to harvest the entire plant leaving the. Stems have reached a whopping 2 feet in height varieties of lettuce varieties are you a. Yield from the shape of its leaves have been displayed to the sunlight salad, and be. You want to a compact head increasing biodiversity on the time of year can still sow a wide range dressings... In hot climates eat soggy, wilty lettuce as soil is kept moist damp... Very easy to grow great Lakes areas with hot summers germinate well, especially on warm days this... In winter light, such as Yates potting mix, such as with loose-leaf varieties, and the. From premium to poor germinate, you could heat an undercover growing area in lettuce varieties to grow stir-fry,... Have open leaves and no heart ideal in gardens where pests are an.. 75 to 85 days and crisphead 70 to 100 days leaf lettuce varieties to grow or water!

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