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what are the effects of soil pollution

Soil polluted by chemicals eventually becomes infertile and unable to support crops and other plant life. Agricultural runoff that is rich in pesticides and insecticides used in agriculture also end up in water bodies when farmland soil is eroded by rainwater. Effect on Health of Humans. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. Dangers of Fertilizers. They increase microbe levels, and reduce the oxygen content of the whole body of water. Pollution might also infiltrate the soil layer and enter groundwater aquifers used for drinking water. In the short term, exposure to chemicals in the soil can lead to headaches, nausea, fatigue and skin rashes at the site of exposure. Effects of soil pollution - definition Effect on health of humans: Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, the contamination of it has major consequences on our health. Soil pollution refers to anything that causes contamination of soil and degrades the soil quality. Microbes living in the soil also die, which can cause areas with contaminated soil to become wastelands with little or no plant growth. Effects of Land & Soil Pollution. Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. As a result, the soil becomes vulnerable to the erosional forces of both wind and water. Excessive use of pesticides or fertilisers in agric… Effect on growth of plants: The ecological balance of any system gets affected due to the widespread contamination of the soil. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION 6 chemistry. When soil becomes highly polluted, plants fail to grow. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields pose one of the largest sources of soil pollution. Pesticides also cause soil pollution. Effects of land pollution. Children are even more susceptible to the harms of soil pollution since they spend most of their time playing in close contact with the soil. Effects of soil contamination on soil fertility. Thus, soil poll… It occurs when the pollutants causing the pollution reduce the quality of the soil and convert the soil inhabitable for microorganisms and macro organisms living in the soil. Contaminated land and soil can cause various problems on the skin, respiratory problems, and even different kinds of cancers. Chemical used in agriculture work, litter […] ~ Soil pollutants would bring in alteration in the soil structure, which would lead to death of many essential organisms in it. Soil contamination caused by pesticides can also decrease the fertility of the soil, making it less able to support plant life. Since plants usually are quite sensitive to changes in their natural environmental conditions, soil contamination can lead to a decline in fertility of the affected plants. This hinders food production and can lead to malnourishment in local communities. He has written advertisements, book and video game reviews, technical articles and thesis papers. The Effects of Soil Pollution on Humans Organ Damage. By Oishimaya Sen Nag on September 27 2018 in Environment. This irrigation causes salts to build up in the soil. The prime reason for soil pollution is the addition of harmful chemicals artificially, especially while farming. Moreover, the fertility of plants is likely to be reduced due to the issue of soil pollution. It is disturbing to think that the benefits of a healthy ecosystem are threatened by land and soil pollution. Some soil contaminants increase the risk of leukemia, while others can lead to kidney damage, liver problems and changes in the central nervous system. Slightly contaminated soil can harm humans through bioaccumulation. Ground pollution effects vary based on the specific type of soil pollution as each one causes a wide variety of harmful environmental effects. Some of the causes of soil pollution are given below: 1. Soil pollution also spreads to polluted water that absorbs by the soil. Animals who then eat those plants, also humans, ingest all of the pollutants that accumulated in that pl… Wind can pick up the soil contaminants, which remain in the air as suspended contaminants. Healthy soil is essential to the growth of good quality crops and other plants. Soil pollution can also cause neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system, headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash. 8.3.4 Soil pollution Soil pollution occurs due to untreated disposal of industrial wastes into soil; it has high toxic contaminants, which leads to soil pollution. Considering how soil is the reason we are able to sustain ourselves, … Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Even the plant… Polluted soil can harm humans by making contact with the soil or consuming vegetation produce from contaminated soils. Soil Pollution Leads to Air and Water Contamination. If you are considering buying a home, get your soil tested to make sure there are no problems in the land itself. Other heavy metals, such as lead, mercury, arsenic, and chromium rise to dangerous concentrations in the soil as a result of mining activities, industrial activity, and automobile use. This earth, it provides land, clean water and air to all humans, plants and live animals to live peacefully without discrimination. Plants grown in polluted soil usually absorb the contaminants, which eventually enter the human body directly by consumption of such plants or through the food chain. The pollution effect of microplastic particles is also related to many other factors, such as soil structure and composition, climate and environmental factors. Radioactive heavy metals such as uranium, radium and plutonium pollute the soil in some places, either naturally or because of human activity. Nutrients added to the soil by agricultural interests to increase crop yields … The health effects of soil contaminants depend on a variety of factors, such as the nature of the pollutant, mode of attack, and vulnerability of the exposed population. Soil does not need to be highly contaminated to be harmful to humans. These additions mostly result from human activities such as mining, modern practices in agriculture, deforestation, indiscriminate dumping of human-generated waste, and irregular disposal of untreated wastes from various industries. As a result, the soil becomes vulnerable to the erosional forces of both wind and water. There are many potential causes of soil pollution. Humans are also affected in numerous ways either directly or indirectly. Soil pollution causes perilous effects on our environment and leads to several health hazards. Some of the adverse effects are as follows: Plants will not be able to adapt to sudden changes occurring in the soil. Jason Thompson has been self-employed as a freelance writer since 2007. Industrial chemicals, lead contamination, radioactive metals, leaking underground fuel tanks, improper disposal of hazardous materials, agricultural chemicals, salts, sewage, all are among the causes of modern soil pollution. These organisms help to break down organic matter in the soil and help aerate the soil. Fungi and bacteria found in the soils cannot bind the soil due to chemical changes and this causes soil erosion. It can even be caused by natural sources. Hazardous chemicals in the soil can potentially wipe out living organisms in the soil. Ecosystems. Since the volatile contaminants in the soil can be carried away into the atmosphere by winds or can seep into underground water reserves, soil pollution can be a direct contributor to air and water pollution. It affects every aspect of the environment and every organism from the earthworm to humans. The health effects of exposure to soil contaminants can also lead to liver toxicity, kidney failure, and neurological disorders. It can also contribute towards acid rain (by releasing huge quantities of ammonia into the atmosphere). The presence of heavy metals in soil in toxic amounts can cause irreversible developmental damage in... Bioaccumulation. 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