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ethiopian highlands climate change

Alarmingly, this is projected to increase by a further 3.1°C by the 2060s. The highlands have moderate temperatures but enough rainfall to keep the soil fertile. United Nations Development Programme, Climate Change Adaptation Growth: Implementing CRGE in Highland Areas, Download Fast Facts on Climate Change Adaptation Growth Project, Inclusive growth and sustainable development, Democratic governance and capacity development, Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People. Mile End Road 2020 Precautionary measures by livestock herders to protect livestock when heat-waves are predicted. On the Ethiopian Plateau (the zone 1 on the map), the weather can be cool, mild, or pleasantly warm, depending on altitude; there are a season characterized by scarce rains from November to February and a rainy season from June to September, preceded by a period, from March to May, when some showers and thunderstorms may occur in the afternoon. During the strong El Niño event of 2015/16, Ethiopia experienced significant rainfall perturbations including strong drought particularly in the northwestern Ethiopian Highlands where seasonal rainfall totals were well below normal during June–July–August 2015 (figures 1(b), (e)). Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. It is no surprise that millions of farmers are facing increasing water scarcity under the current climate crisis. The aim is to understand how these local Ethiopian crops adapt to their environments, and eventually predict how the effects of climate change can be mitigated. The potential enhancement of malaria transmission with warming in any region depends not only on the magnitude of temperature increase but also on the current intensity of malaria. Building on the outcomes of a recent expert workshop on Climate Resilience in the Blue Nile Highlands (Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 8–11 July 2011), this paper presents a model for confronting the challenge of developing ESS-informed climate resilience strategies for the BNH in the face of limited data, complex coupled human-environmental systems, and significant uncertainty in climate projections. Through analysis of precipitation and temperature records at monitored locations, we explore observed variability in climate patterns and … London E1 4NS Alarmingly, this is projected to increase by a further 3.1°C by the 2060s. Although the general results of our classification and vegetation change analysis reflect those of other studies in the Ethiopian highlands, for example, the timing of vegetation declines and emergence of plantation forests (de Mûelenaere et al. Professors Richard Nichols and Richard Buggs of Queen Mary’s School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, in partnership with The Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) and University of Greenwich, visited the region at the beginning of 2020 to launch a new project. The anticipated results may allow future projections of which crop varieties will fare best in different areas under the effects of climate change. These extreme events affect livelihoods, especially those of the poor. However, as a result of climate change, Ethiopia’s average annual temperature increased by 1.3°C between 1960 and 2006. Project Objective : to mainstream climate risks into national and sub-national planning processes thereby increasing the resilience of local communities across the Ethiopian highlands to climate change. The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia, situated in northeast part of Africa. Still, Ethiopia has some highlands available for expansion of coffee, says Peter Laderach, a scientist working on climate change at the International Center for … Over generations, local farmers in the Southern Ethiopian highlands have developed specific cropping methods. Scientists and entrepreneurs battle climate change and water scarcity in the Ethiopian Highlands. The climate of the Choke Mountain watershed in the Upper Blue Nile Highlands is changing as the planet warms. Eritrea (/ ˌ ɛr ɪ ˈ t r eɪ ə, ˌ ɛr ɪ ˈ t r iː ə / ()), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in Eastern Africa, with its capital at Asmara.It is bordered by Ethiopia in the south, Sudan in the west, and Djibouti in the southeast. Most arid climate conditions in the Ethiopian highlands are corroborated by reduced catchment erosion at Lake Dendi (Wagner et al., 2018) and a strong reduction in Nile River discharge (Blanchet et al., 2014) as well as highest amounts of eolian dust detected in sediments of … In: Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Chen Z, Marquis M, Averyt KB, Tignor M, Miller HL (eds) Contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Agricultural planning amongst farmers in response to drought warnings; Flood mitigation measures by community groups in response to flood warnings; and. Use of  a functional climate information and Early Warning System to monitor weather conditions. The objective of this paper is to indicate the significance of the forests and vegetation of the Sahel region and Ethiopian highland for climate change adaptation and mitigation. This part of Ethiopia has not experienced famine in living memory. This study compares Climate Research Unit version 3 reference observations in the period 1980–2009 with Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Five (CMIP5)‐simulated climate patterns and trends over the Ethiopian highlands (7–14N, 36–40E) using the rcp6 scenario.   Rural livelihood systems – crop cultivation, pastoralism, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. In the Ethiopian Highlands, this reality strikes especially hard when the dry season begins every year in October. Queen Mary University of London Climate change resilience in southern Ethiopian crops By Professor Richard J A Buggs Food production in the southern Ethiopian highlands depends upon unique cropping methods developed by local farmers over thousands of years. Adapted and diversified income and employment opportunities generated for local communities, with a focus on climate-smart agriculture and integrated watershed management. In other words, the red and blue outlines show where new pockets of the Ethiopian Highlands became more malaria-friendly over the past 30 years. Climate change in Ethiopia has greatly intensified the degradation of farmland and watersheds in Ethiopia. Projected Impacts of Climate Change on Drought Patterns Over East Africa Gebremedhin Gebremeskel Haile1,2,3, Qiuhong Tang1,2, Seyed‐Mohammad Hosseini‐Moghari1, Xingcai Liu1, T. G. Gebremicael3, Guoyong Leng1, Asfaw Kebede4, Ximeng Xu 1, and Xiaobo Yun 1Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural 2014, Jacob et al. Thanks to her USAID-supported village economic and social association and its chairperson, Etsay Wayu (right), Sindayo Belay (left) gained the knowledge, skills, and confidence she needed to take a loan and turn her life around. Climate change poses a huge challenge to Ethiopia and its people. Local communities in Ethiopian highlands are increasingly vulnerable to climate change and are experiencing a decrease in stream flows; a decline in groundwater levels; drying up of springs; the siltation of lakes; and an increase in the frequency of floods and droughts. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). 2016), we also observe some differences with other studies conducted in the region. The project was successfully launched together with partners from Addis Ababa University, Hawassa University and the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute. +44 (0) 20 7882 5555, The Medical College of Saint Bartholomew’s Hospital Trust. Capacities enhanced for climate-resilient planning among communities. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York, NY, 996pp Google Scholar We studied the combined effects of anthropogenic land-use change, past and future climate changes and mountain range isolation on the endemic Ethiopian Highlands long-eared bat, Plecotus balensis, an understudied bat that is restricted to the remnant natural high … Climate change in Ethiopia has greatly intensified the degradation of farmland and watersheds in Ethiopia. The project examines 10 crops commonly grown in the area, including ensete (false banana), cabbages, potatoes, yams, maize, coffee, avocados, beans, bananas, pumpkins, and barley. This study examines recent climate variability and trends (1981–2016) on Choke Mountain, located in the western Ethiopian Highlands. In partnership with The Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) and the University of Greenwich, Queen Mary Professors Richard Nichols and Richard Buggs have launched a new project to understand how local crops in rural Ethiopia might adapt to the growing effects of climate change. Read Professor Richard Buggs’ project report here. However, as a result of climate change, Ethiopia’s average annual temperature increased by 1.3°C between 1960 and 2006. Over the course of the project, interviews will be conducted with local farmers, and soils will be analysed to understand how their quality is affected by the different cropping regimes on different farms. Ethiopia’s Coffee-Growing Areas May Be Headed for the Hills . The Ethiopian highlands are extremely heterogenous, with steep escarpments and deep valleys ().The highlands are known as “the roof of Africa” (in Africa the majority of land over 3000 m is found in Ethiopia) and reach 4533 m at the summit of Ras Dashen in the scenic world heritage Simien Mountains (Roberts et al., 2012).Most of the sub-Saharan Africa's Afroalpine ecosystem above 3200 … Inception meetings with key stakeholders, PRA assessment, awareness creation conferences, & … With expected climate change, the Ethiopian Highlands are thus particularly vulnerable to potential impacts of warming on malaria transmission. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Food production in the densely populated region has been cultivated by growing a mix of annual and perennial plants, with farmers being able to ensure a constant supply of food for their families. The project contributes to the promotion of agro-forestry practices, strengthening drought and flood early warning systems, and enhancing the use of water for agricultural purposes on small farms in arid and semi-arid parts of Ethiopia. There is high amount of carbon stored in the soil and above ground biomass of the forests and vegetation in both the Sahel and the Ethiopian highlands. Ethiopia faces numerous development challenges that exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change, including high levels of food insecurity and ongoing conflicts over natural resources. Climate change is now becoming an environmental and development challenge of the 21st century. New research suggests climate change may radically redefine the regions best suited to … While the southern highlands’ regional crops have broadly survived until now, certain plants have already suffered negative effects due to the changes. The dissemination of early warnings and agrometeorological information to local communities allows for climate-smart planning amongst various stakeholders; © They found that as a result of a warming climate, there will be an increase in the intensity and duration of the Pacific Ocean phenomenon known as the El Niño/La Niña cycle, which they had previously shown is strongly connected to annual rainfall variations in the Ethiopian highlands and adjacent eastern Nile basins. Building Resilience in the Ethiopian Highlands: Gaining Knowledge, Skills, and Confidence Borrowing with confidence. This paper presents a review of climate variability in the northeast Ethiopian Highlands, particularly Wollo and Tigray, during the last 10000 years (the Holocene) and an analysis of rainfall variability during the historical period. UNDP's programme on climate change adaptation mainstreams climate risks into national and sub-national planning processes thereby increasing the resilience of local communities across the Ethiopian highlands to climate change. IPCC (2007a) Climate change 2007: the physical science basis. Climate change is threatening this delicate balance. Farm Level Adaptation to Climate Change: The Case of Farmer’s in the Ethiopian Highlands Famine in living memory portion reaches into Eritrea and agro-pastoralism – are sensitive... Facing increasing water scarcity under the current climate crisis plants have already negative. Until now, certain plants have already suffered negative effects due to its height and area. Survived until now, certain plants have already ethiopian highlands climate change negative effects due to its height large. Ethiopia, and agro-pastoralism – are highly sensitive to climate its height and large area in... 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