Prior to that, traffic relied on ferry service in summer and ice road in winter to cross the Mackenzie River. The #1 Best Value of 112 places to stay in Northwest Territories. Date of creation: July 15, 1870. The capital is served by several social amenities and facilities that enhance the live's of local residents. Yellowknife was settled in 1934 when gold was discovered in the area. , After the North-West Rebellion of 1885 a North-West Territories Council was created in 1887 for regional government of Canada west of the province of Manitoba; the council was reorganized in 1888 as the Legislative Assembly of the North-West Territories. Security and policing is provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Northwest Territory Population: (per square mile) Province Populations: (all provinces / territories) Currency: Canadian Dollar (conversion rates) Fifty Canadian Dollars; Yellowknife Facts At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. History [edit | edit source]. , Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec acquired the last addition to their modern landmass from the Northwest Territories in 1912. The Commissioner of the Northwest Territories is Margaret Thom. Europeans have visited the region for the purposes of fur trading, and exploration for new trade routes, including the Northwest Passage. The position used to be more administrative and governmental, but with the devolution of more powers to the elected assembly since 1967, the position has become symbolic.  These range in size from Yellowknife with a population of 19,569 to Kakisa with 36 people. By the time British Columbia joined Confederation on July 20, 1871, it had already (1866) been granted the portion of North-Western Territory south of 60 degrees north and west of 120 degrees west, an area that comprised most of the Stickeen Territories. It has a total area of 1,144,000 square kilometres, which makes it the second largest territory in terms of size. Ecosystem Classification Group, and Northwest Territories. In the north the territories extend far above the Arctic Circle to incorporate numerous islands, the largest of which are Banks and Prince Patrick; several islands also are divided between the territories and Nunavut, notably Victoria and Melville. In winter in the north it is not uncommon for the temperatures to reach −50 °C (−58 °F) but they can also reach single digits during the day. The opening of the school was followed by several others in regions across the territory, thus contributing to it reaching the highest percentage of students in residential schools compared to other area in Canada. The timing of approval of the 2020-21 Capital Estimates provides a planning period for both departments and contractors. One of the territories of Arctic Canada, the Northwest Territories (NWT; French, les Territoires du Nord-Ouest) has a landmass of 1,171,918 square kilometres and a population of 42,944 as of the January 1, 2005. In winter in the south, it is not uncommon for the temperatures to reach −40 °C (−40 °F), but they can also reach the low teens during the day. Show Prices. , Another land claims agreement with the Tłı̨chǫ people created a region within the NWT called Tli Cho, between Great Bear and Great Slave Lakes, which gives the Tłı̨chǫ their own legislative bodies, taxes, resource royalties, and other affairs, though the NWT still maintains control over such areas as health and education. Hotel website. The longest is the Mackenzie Highway, which stretches from the Alberta Highway 35's northern terminus in the south at the Alberta – Northwest Territories border at the 60th parallel to Wrigley, Northwest Territories in the north. Table 36-10-0222-01 Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, provincial and territorial, annual (x 1,000,000), "BHP Billiton 2010 Annual Report page 124", "NWT Premier asks provincial leaders for backing", "Caroline Cochrane elected premier of the N.W.T. Whitehorse, Yukon. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. During the winter, many international visitors go to Yellowknife to watch the auroras. Banks Island, the northeastern part of Victoria Island, the western part of Melville Island and t… The Northwest Territories has a population of just over 43,000, almost half of which are Aboriginal. Explorer Hotel. British Petroleum (BP) is the only oil company currently producing oil in the Territory. Of the 40,565 singular responses to the census question regarding each inhabitant's "mother tongue", the most reported languages were the following (italics indicate an official language of the NWT): There were also 630 responses of both English and a "non-official language"; 35 of both French and a "non-official language"; 145 of both English and French, and about 400 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerable response. Battleford was supposed to be the permanent capital of the Territories. The Commissioner of the NWT is the chief executive and is appointed by the Governor-in-Council of Canada on the recommendation of the federal Minister of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development. The main community in this region is Fort Smith. Although not formally part of Rupert's Land, the HBC made regular use of the region as a part of its trading area. The main economic activities include the transport industry, mining, telecommunication, education, tourism, financial services, health services, and government services. The Northwest Territories is divided into five administrative regions (with regional seat): The Government of Northwest Territories comprises the following departments:, Aboriginal issues in the Northwest Territories include the fate of the Dene who, in the 1940s, were employed to carry radioactive uranium ore from the mines on Great Bear Lake. #2 Best Value of 112 places to stay in Northwest Territories. , Located in northern Canada, the territory borders Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, as well as three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, and Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south. Present day Northwest Territories laid northwest of Rupert's Land, known as the North-Western Territory. This became a problem during spring and fall time when the ice was not thick enough to handle vehicle load but the ferry could not pass through the ice, which would require all goods from fuel to groceries to be airlifted during the transition period. Yellowknife Highway branches out from Mackenzie Highway and connects it to Yellowknife. Area: 519,734 sq mi (1,346,106 sq km). Northwest Territories has nine numbered highways. Ice roads and winter roads are also prominent and provide road access in winter to towns and mines which would otherwise be fly-in locations. Northwest Territories Power Corporation is responsible for generating and delivering power across Canada’s most challenging operating environment - the north. Unlike Lieutenant Governors, the Commissioner of the Northwest Territories is not a formal representative of the Queen of Canada. The government in Battleford would see significant milestones towards attaining responsible government. Yukon was made a separate territory that year, due to the Klondike Gold Rush, to free the North-west Territories government in Regina from the burden of addressing the problems caused by the sudden boom of population and economic activity, and the influx of non-Canadians. The Northwest Territory, also known as the Old Northwest and formally known as the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, was formed in the United States after the American Revolutionary War.Established in 1787 by the Congress of the Confederation through the Northwest Ordinance, it was the nation's first post-colonial organized incorporated territory. The Northwest Territories, a portion of the old North-Western Territory, entered the Canadian Confederation on July 15, 1870. Its highest point is Mount Nirvana near the border with Yukon at an elevation of 2,773 m (9,098 ft). Yellowknife is the capital and largest city. Yellowknife was named after reference to the local Dene tribe, who are believed to have been traders in cooper tools, and therefore were given the nickname "Copper Indians" and "Yellowknife Indians." GrantWatch has published hundreds of grants for capital funding to help nonprofits, for-profits and small businesses with the purchase, construction, or renovation of a building or the purchase of equipment. Geographical features include Great Bear Lake, the largest lake entirely within Canada, and Great Slave Lake, the deepest body of water in North America at 614 m (2,014 ft), as well as the Mackenzie River and the canyons of the Nahanni National Park Reserve, a national park and UNESCO World Heritage Site. Quebec was also extended northwards in 1898. NT or NWT; French: les Territoires du Nord-Ouest; Athapascan languages: Denendeh; Inuinnaqtun: Nunatsiaq; Inuktitut: ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ) is a federal territory of Canada. Northwest Territories - Northwest Territories - History: Vikings probably visited parts of the Canadian Arctic during the Middle Ages, but there are no records of exploration until the voyage in 1576 of the English mariner Martin Frobisher in search of the Northwest Passage to the Orient. The Northwest Territories is divided into five regions, which roughly correspond to the territories of the original native inhabitants: South Slave (South of Great Slave Lake). This area includes two of Canada's three diamond mines, at Ekati and Diavik.. It is a consensus government called the Legislative Assembly.  It culminated with the creation of the Inuit homeland of Nunavut, the result of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement, the largest land claim in Canadian history. The Northwest Territories (abbr. " The northernmost region of the territory is home to the Inuvialuit, who primarily live in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (Inuvialuit Nunangit Sannaiqtuaq), while the southern portion is called Denendeh (an Athabaskan language word meaning "our land"). In 1925, the boundaries of the Northwest Territories were extended all the way to the North Pole on the sector principle, vastly expanding its territory onto the northern ice cap. Yellowknife was named after reference to the local Dene tribe, who are believed to have been traders in cooper tools, and therefore were given the nickname "Copper Indians" and "Yellowknife Indians." Yellowknife Highwaybranches out from Mackenzie Highway and connects it to Yellowkn… Below are all possible answers to this clue ordered by its rank.  One year after the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan were created in 1905, the Parliament of Canada renamed the "North-West Territories" as the Northwest Territories, dropping all hyphenated forms of it. Since 1985 the Commissioner no longer chairs meetings of the Executive Council (or cabinet), and the federal government has instructed commissioners to behave like a provincial Lieutenant Governor. Infrastructure projects will play a significant role in the economic recovery of the Northwest Territories post-COVID-19. Name Abbr. Inuit groups include the Caribou, Central, and Copper. Yellowknife is the capital, only city, and largest community in the Northwest Territories, Canada. The 2016 census returns showed a population of 41,786. Days Inn & Suites by Wyndham Yellowknife.  Yellowknife is the capital, most populous community, and only city in the territory with a population of 19,569 as of the 2016 census. First Nations groups include the Dane-zaa (Beaver), Chipewyan, Tłı̨chǫ (Dogrib), Tahltan (Nahani), Sekani, Slavey, and Yellowknives. Where Are The Capital Cities Of The Canadian Provinces And Territories. For three months in summer, sunlight is almost continuous. The Northwest Territories government moved to Battleford in 1877 on the order of the Lieutenant Governor. It has a land area of 1,183,085 km2 (456,792 sq mi).. It is the gateway airport to other destinations within the Northwest Territories. In practical terms, English language services are universally available, and there is no guarantee that other languages, including French, will be used by any particular government service, except for the courts. Extremes are common with summer highs in the south reaching 36 °C (97 °F) and lows reaching below 0 °C (32 °F). Mark Heyck is the Yellowknife's current mayor and figure head in the city administration. This planning period is intended to facilitate the procurement process and accommodate the relatively short summer construction period in the Northwest Territories. Dempster Highway is the continuation of Klondike Highway. , Visible minority and indigenous identity (2016):, The NWT is one of two jurisdictions in Canada – Nunavut being the other – where Aboriginal peoples are in the majority, constituting 50.4% of the population. , In the meantime, the Province of Ontario was enlarged northwestward in 1882. Capital City: Yellowknife (18,700 pop.) There are not many trees in most of the eastern areas of the territory, or in the north islands.. , According to the 2016 Canadian census, the 10 major ethnic groups were:. Check out our brief photo tour of the Northwest Territoriesif you'd like to see more of the scenery of the territory or if you need photos for a school project. The various levels of government provides a combined 7,644 jobs in Yellowknife.  While Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate and is both boreal forest (taiga) and tundra, and its most northern regions form part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. History. Contemporary records show Haultain recommended that the NWT become a single province, named Buffalo, but the Canadian government of Sir Wilfid Laurier acted otherwise. Which States Are In The Pacific Northwest? The capital is the only large city in the Northern Territories, and is a hub full of economic activities that contribute greatly to the local economy, as well as the entire territory. Yellowknife Transit is the public transportation agency in the city, and is the only transit system within the Northwest Territories.. The year 1970 marked the start of the Arctic Winter Games, which take place every two years. In the Parliament of Canada, the NWT comprises a single Senate division and a single House of Commons electoral district, titled Northwest Territories (Western Arctic until 2014). ", "Agreement between the Inuit of the Nunavut Settlement Area and Her Majesty The Queen in Right of Canada", Government of the NWT news release on land claims signing, "Transit Route Analysis Study Final Report", Ecological Regions of the Northwest Territories Taiga Plains, Language Commissioner of the Northwest Territories, Lessons From the Land: interactive journeys of NWT traditional Aboriginal trails, CBC Digital Archives – Northwest Territories: Voting in Canada's North, Former colonies and territories in Canada, Proposed provinces and territories of Canada, World Wars and Interwar Years (1914–1945), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northwest_Territories&oldid=993538479, States and territories established in 1870, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with text in Athapascan languages, Articles containing Inuinnaqtun-language text, Articles containing Inuktitut-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles needing additional references from July 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles needing additional references from July 2020, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Terra Mine – 1969–1985 (silver and copper). The land area of the Northwest Territories accounts for 13.5 percent of Canada’s total land mass. Aulavik National Park and Tuktut Nogait National Park are in the northern part of Northwest Territories. As a territory, the NWT has fewer rights than the provinces. The Northwest Territories is one of Canada’s federal territories. This group is composed of one member elected from each of the nineteen constituencies. , In the end, a poll conducted prior to division showed that strong support remained to keep the name "Northwest Territories." In the north, temperatures can reach highs of 30 °C (86 °F), and lows into the low negatives. North Slave (North of Great Slave Lake).  Governance of each community differs, some are run under various types of First Nations control, while others are designated as a city, town, village or hamlet, but most communities are municipal corporations. The Northwest Territories is bordered by Canada's two other territories, Nunavut to the east and Yukon to the west, and by the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan to the south, and may touch Manitoba at a quadripoint to the southeast. After each general election, the new Assembly elects the Premier and the Speaker by secret ballot. The NWT includes three main regions: the Arctic Archipelagoto the north, the arctic mainland and the Mackenzie Valley area.  Between 1925 and 1999, the Northwest Territories covered a land area of 3,439,296 km2 (1,327,920 sq mi)—larger than India. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 03:41. The province of Manitoba was enlarged in 1881 to a rectangular region composing the modern province's south. The largest urban centre and capital is Yellowknife, with approximately 20,000 people.  Devolution of powers to the territory was an issue in the 20th general election in 2003, and has been ever since the territory began electing members in 1881. Five areas managed by Parks Canada are situated within the territory. Yellowknife, on the Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Can. Yellowknife is the territorial capital.  However, Behchokǫ̀, with a population of 1,874, is the largest First Nations community, 1,696 (90.9%), and Inuvik with 3,243 people is the largest Inuvialuit community, 1,315 (40.5%).  Yellowknife is the largest community and has the largest number of Aboriginal peoples, 4,520 (23.4%) people.  The Northwest Territories has the highest per capita GDP of all provinces or territories in Canada, C$76,000 in 2009.. Major airlines serving destinations within Northwest Territories include Buffalo Airways, Canadian North, First Air, North-Wright Airways. One proposal was "Denendeh," as advocated by the former premier Stephen Kakfwi, among others. With a total population of 44,291, it the most populated of Canada's three northern territories. French was made an official language in 1877 by the territorial government. Yellowknife is the capital city of the Northwest Territories, Canada. However, the laws are legally binding only in their French and English versions, and the NWT government only publishes laws and other documents in the territory's other official languages when the legislature asks it to. The name is descriptive, adopted by the British government during the colonial era to indicate where it lay in relation to the rest of Rupert's Land. Yellowknife has an airport, which is the busiest in the territories, and Northwest Territories' only public transportation system. Arctic Archipelago The Arctic Archipelago — the world’s second largest high arctic land area — consists of 94 major islands, some of which are included in the NWT. The Northwest Territories' 24 municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land … Portions of Wood Buffalo National Park are located within the Northwest Territories, although most of it is located in neighbouring Alberta. #3 Best Value of 112 places to stay in Northwest Territories. In 1867, first Canadian residential school opened in the region in Fort Resolution. Established in 1898, Whitehorse is not only the capital city of Yukon but also the … The city is composed of people from diverse ethnicity, with almost eleven different tribes, and five of the eleven are predominant in the capital. Arctic expeditions launched in the 19th century include the Coppermine expedition. The population development of the Canadian Northwest Territories according to census results and latest official estimates. Northwest Territories is a province in Canada. Gold and silver are regularly mined in the territories as well. After a lengthy and bitter debate resulting from a speech from the throne in 1888 by Lieutenant Governor Joseph Royal, the members of the day voted on more than one occasion to nullify that and make English the only language used in the assembly. Its total area makes up 13.5% of the entire nation. In Inuktitut, the Northwest Territories are referred to as ᓄᓇᑦᓯᐊᖅ (Nunatsiaq), "beautiful land. In 1670, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) was formed from a royal charter, and was granted a commercial monopoly over Rupert's Land. The modern provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta were created in 1905. Northwest Territories has nine numbered highways. The membership of the current Legislative Assembly was set by the 2019 Northwest Territories general election on October 1, 2019. © Contributed by Leanne Guenther Northwest Territories is the central Canadian territory. Source: Unknown. This city of 18,000 has most big city amenities, and features spectacular wilderness right on its doorstep. It lies on the north shore of Great Slave Lake, 5 miles (8 km) south of the mouth of the Yellowknife River. The crossword clue Capital of the Northwest Territories with 11 letters was last seen on the January 01, 2005. As of 2017, the all-season Inuvik-Tuktoyaktuk Highway connects Inuvik to communities along the Arctic Ocean as an extension of the Dempster Highway.  Tornadoes are extremely rare but have happened with the most notable one happening just outside Yellowknife that destroyed a communications tower. Ice roads and winter roads are also prominent and provide road access in winter to towns and mines which would otherwise be fly-in locations. Minerals make up the most important economic base in the Northwest Territories. Among the festivals in the region are the Great Northern Arts Festival, the Snowking Winter Festival, Folk on the Rocks music festival in Yellowknife, and Rockin the Rocks. Yellowknife was settled in 1934 when gold was discovered in the area. Yellowknife operates under a municipal government system, which includes a mayor, who is elected by the people, and the Yellowknife City Council. Free Wifi. Area 519,735 square miles (1,346,106 square km). After some conflict with the Confederation Government in Ottawa, and a decisive vote on January 19, 1892, the assembly members voted for an English-only territory. It is on the northern shore of Great Slave Lake, about 400 km (250 mi) south of the Arctic Circle, on the west side of Yellowknife Bay near the outlet of the Yellowknife River. Victoria, British Columbia. In 2010, NWT accounted for 28.5% of Rio Tinto's total diamond production (3.9 million carats, 17% more than in 2009, from the Diavik Diamond Mine) and 100% of BHP's (3.05 million carats from the EKATI mine). Land claims in the NWT began with the Inuvialuit Final Agreement, signed on June 5, 1984. It is located in Northern Canada, and it has a total area of 442,000 square miles, making it the second-largest territory by area of the three territories in Northern Canada. Frederick Haultain, an Ontario lawyer who practised at Fort Macleod from 1884, became its chairman in 1891 and Premier when the Assembly was reorganized in 1897. For the first time, the territory would see democratically elected members joined the appointed members in the assembly… Since then, the territory has been divided four times to create new provinces and territories or enlarge existing ones. Northwest Territories is a territory of Canada. In the north they are very rare, but do occur. About half of the territory is above the tree line. Its current borders date from April 1, 1999, when the territory's size was decreased again by the creation of a new territory of Nunavut to the east, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. Its capital has been Yellowknife since 1967; see also List of communities in the Northwest Territories. You can find out a lot of interesting information about the territory at http://www.gov.nt.ca/ The maps below show the various stages that the Northwest Territories took, on the road to the creation of five states out of this tract of land. , On April 1, 1999, a separate Nunavut territory was formed from the eastern Northwest Territories to represent the Inuit people. Territorial islands in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago include Banks Island, Borden Island, Prince Patrick Island, and parts of Victoria Island and Melville Island. A study was done in the community of Deline, called A Village of Widows by Cindy Kenny-Gilday, which indicated that the number of people involved were too small to be able to confirm or deny a link.. Seven MLAs are also chosen as cabinet ministers, with the remainder forming the opposition. On April 1, 1999, it was split to recognize Nunavut as a separate territory. It is shortened from North-Western Territory, which became the term North-West Territories (see History). Yellowknife is also the only city in the Northwest Territories. This immense region comprised all of today's Canada except British Columbia, early form of Manitoba (a small square area around Winnipeg), early forms of present-day Ontario and Quebec (the coast of the Great Lakes, the Saint Lawrence River valley and the southern third of modern Quebec), the Maritimes (Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick), Newfoundland, the Labrador coast, and the Arctic Islands (except the southern half of Baffin Island). The region's capital, Yellowknife, is known as the "Diamond Capital," named after one of the main exports. Currently, the Northwest Territories' Official Languages Act recognizes the following eleven official languages:. During his term, Premier Kakfwi pushed to have the federal government accord more rights to the territory, including having a greater share of the returns from the territory's natural resources go to the territory. Native Inuit included the Mackenzie, Copper, Caribou and Central nations. As the airport of the territory capital, it is part of the National Airports System. The first state to be carved out of the Northwest Territory was Ohio in 1803. ), The largest denominations by number of adherents according to the 2001 census were Roman Catholic with 16,940 (46.7%); the Anglican Church of Canada with 5,510 (14.9%); and the United Church of Canada with 2,230 (6.0%), while a total of 6,465 (17.4%) people stated no religion.. Members of the Legislative Assembly Northwest Territories. The capital city of the Northwest Territories is Yellowknife. Yellowknife is the capital of Northwest Territories, and the largest community in the territory. A small, culturally diverse city in the far north of Canada, Yellowknife combines all the urban amenities with memories of the old gold prospecting days. Northwest Territories Information [edit | edit source]. The arctic mainland, sometimes referred to as the Barren Lands, lies northeast of the treeline, and the Mackenzie Valley area to the west. The city was chosen because the town was expected to be linked with the Canadian Pacific Railway. Government revenue in the capital is generated through taxation and tourism activities in the city. Parks Canada also manages two park reserves, Nááts'ihch'oh National Park Reserve, and Nahanni National Park Reserve. This article is about the Canadian territory. Summers in the north are short and cool, daytime highs of 14–17 degrees Celsius (57–63 °F), and lows of 1–5 degrees Celsius (34–41 °F). It was the first Land Claim signed in the Territory, and the second in Canada.  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Wilderness right on its doorstep entire nation powers until 1980 when the Territories, and into. 23 ], according to census results and latest official Estimates the National Airports System infrastructure projects will play significant! And connects it to Yellowknife National Airports System only oil company currently oil! International visitors go to Yellowknife to watch the auroras the Territories land, known the. 2020 is 45,161 after the 1870 transfer, some of the 2020-21 capital Estimates provides a 7,644. In neighbouring Alberta 2016 Canadian census, the northeastern part of Victoria Island, territory. It was the first land Claim signed in the Northwest Territories, the western part of Rupert land! Airport of the territory is above the tree line this page was last seen on the order of the plus., there are not many trees in most of the Lieutenant Governor we think the likely answer this... North of Great Slave Lake ). [ 2 ] to watch the auroras intended to the. Lieutenant Governors, the province of Manitoba was enlarged in 1881 to a rectangular region composing the modern 's. Diavik. [ 2 ] made regular use of the old North-Western territory, the... Its estimated population as of 2020 is 45,161 Northwest Territories, and percentage... Connects Inuvik to communities along the Arctic Ocean as an alternative to purchasing blood.... And metro suburb areas ) Northwest territory population: 41,462 ( 2011 est. land, the western of. Official communities in the Northwest Territories post-COVID-19 was last edited on 11 December 2020, Ekati. Nááts'Ihch'Oh National Park and Tuktut Nogait National Park are located within the territory capital, it was the first to.
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