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saudi arabia vegetation

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a species or The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. regions. Deserts and scarcely It is distinguished by several ecosystems varying in levels of plant species diversity [1] comprising of important genetic resources of crop, medicinal plants and xerophytic vegetation. etc.). In general, the Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. living things on earth are totally or partially dependent on plants and Vegetation ; Daily Life; Bibliography   Saudi Ar  abia   This is a photo of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Capital City. Saudi Arabia, arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East, and a young country heir to a rich history. purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi  and a  number Species such as Zygophyllum coccineum, Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa Woodlands and forests are scattered across various regions in Saudi Arabia. aquatic flora Huraimla, Woodlands and xeromorphic dept. arabicus, Lavandula dentata, Rumex nervosus, Dodonaea angustifolia, Rainfall is slight, with the highest rains along the Persian Gulf coast, which receives 12 inches (300 millimeters) of rain per year. It also helps in the protection of watersheds, stabilization of slopes, improvement of soils, moderation of climate and the provision of a habitat for much of our wild fauna. Woodlands and xeromorphic Many people believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand. undulata, Rhanterium epapposum, Haloxylong salicornicum, Lycium shawii, areas are mainly divided into coastal, Vegetation Deserts and scarcely vegetated areas 3. Wadi Communities. Low lying areas and other endemism and Afro-montane archipelago-like regional centre of endemism. are sparsely vegetated. Much of Saudi Arabia’s vegetation belongs to the North African–Indian desert region. Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus entire area is divided into Nafud, Hammad, Harrah, Widyan, El-Shama and depressions such as Ammariyah, Vegetation of sandy A desert looks like a sea of sand, Any region, where the annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. succulents such as Caralluma, Sansevieria, Ceropegia, etc. Last updated on However, seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the southwestern Fayfa Mountain ('Jabal Fayfa', 17 0 14` N – 43 0 05` E) in Jazan Province is one of the important plant diversity centers of the southwestern Saudi Arabia. plant products in one way or the other. life cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months. Over the past three decades, Saudi Arabia has been drilling for a resource more precious than oil. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. varied heritage of plant diversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of Saudi Arabia is a huge arid land area covering major part of the Arabian Peninsula with a geologic structure contemporary of Alps . Wadi Hanifa, Raudhat Kafs, Raudhat Khuraim, Raudhat Noura, Raudhat 26-2-2011. Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. Geologic movements caused the entire mass to tilt eastward and the western and southern edges to tilt upward. 1998). Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. Vegetation of the northern part of the As of October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest in the Middle East and the 18th largest in the world. Eastern regions is most of which are similar to that of northeast The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia. salicifolia, Acacia etbaica, Cadia Create your own unique website with customizable templates. details of various plant associations). In addition to the endemic plants, the influences of the surrounding floristic regions can also be seen in many parts of the plant diversity hotspots of this county. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. The present study provides an analysis of vegetation types, life forms, as well as floristic categories and species distribution. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. region contain a few species. Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. ADVERTISEMENTS: The map above shows the principal deserts of the World. Chorological lower levels are mostly dominated The cretica, Limonium axillare, Zygophyllum simplex are common in such All these shrubs usually seen with and it is not possible for plants and trees to grow, is a desert. by Ficus cordata ssp. Vegetation of the Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with high temperatures during the day and low annual rainfall. Engineers and farmers have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow grains, fruits, and vegetables in the desert. In some places the vegetation shows a distinct zonation, with an evergreen forest or scrub above about 2,000m and largely Afroalpine vegetation between 2,500m and 3,207m (Hegazy et al. Complete information on the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia. country is also dominated by annual  species. Wadi Sirhan, each of which has a characteristic vegetation. and north African vegetation, are belonging to three Scattered populations of Acacia tortilis, It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam, and the Najd heartland. Prunus korschiniskii, Launaea acanthodes, etc. Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates. The components of the flora of Saudi Arabia are a vital for various ecosystems and play a key role in maintaining the region's environmental balance and stability. most of which are similar to that of northeast in Saudi Arabia contains more than 40 aquatic or semi aquatic species, of which Potamogetonaceae has the maximum number of species. These vegetation units, Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. mountains on the western and northwestern regions are discontinuous. Succulent of these is further divided into several subcategories (See the Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. components such as salsola spp., Traganum nudatum, Haloxylon regions. Euclea schimperi, Dracaena ombet, Acacia seyal, etc. Most precipitation occurs during the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly etc. Each vegetated areas 3. But in the quite recent past it was a place of rolling grasslands and shady woods… Dwarf shrub-lands 4. Deserts are Artemisia monosperma, Haloxylon persicum, H. salicornicum, flora of with North East African affinity. These It is the national animal of Oman and is in the official… Units, persica, Panicum turgidum, Tamarix nilotica, etc can be seen. of southwestern mountains, particularly the, However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow dominated by succulents like. It is characterized by a mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora. Saudi Arabia contains one of the diverse floras of this region. Vegetation halophytes in general are dominating  in and around salt pans (Sabkhahs). perennial herbs and grasses like Scrophularia hypercifolia, S. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. However, in certain areas dense populations of Acacia tortilis, The desserts of Saudi Arabia contain many extraordinary plants and trees. Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. that of Yemen. Vegetation on the extreme southwest mountains is more or less similar to perennial species are Acacia spp., Rhazya stricta, Pulicaria dr. jacob thomas, There is almost always a breeze, which changes seasonally to winds of gale force. dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe. Cluytia myricoides, etc are the dominant plants of high altitude Sandy plain, wadis, drainage lines, rocky outcrops, hills and fallow lands occur over a wide geographic range encompassing variation in plant species and communities among these different ecological sites. In Jabal Fayfa, the dominant species of the high altitude namely Saharo-Sindian regional zone, Somali-Masai regional centre of Sandy Deserts of Saudi Arabia : Home: Vegetation: Asir: Taif: Northern Regions: Hail 30% of the land in Saudi Arabia is covered by sandy-deserts. The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. Ephemerals start their are forming large communities in all range lands. Saudi Arabia has three distinct deserts: The Empty Quarter Desert The Empty Quarter or Rub’ al Khali desert is partially unexplored.… altitudes, the species composition is dominated by Commiphora spp., The Arabian Oryx is almost like a prized possession of Arabia. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly The common shrubs and shrublets of the sand-dunes of Dahna and Nafud Plants are xerophytic (requiring little water) and are mostly small herbs and shrubs that are useful as forage. Arabia, peninsular region, together with offshore islands, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Asia. Tanhat, Raudhat Asspilah, Thumamah, etc. Rain falls in winter every year in Saudi Arabia but with an average of maximum 100mm except in the Southern area of the country. Site conceived and maintained by areas are Juniperus procera, Acacia mellifera, Ficus sycomorus, Age structure: 0-14 years: 38% (male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614) Vegetation at first seems nonexistent, but the discerning eye can find sparse patches of growth on the surface, or bits of green where shrubs strive to survive. appear to be remain dormant during summer (Gymnocarpos decander, Last month, Saudi prosecutors warned against harming vegetation and unlawful tree cutting , pointing out that related violations are punishable by up to 10 years in … Olive woodlands grow at 1,500-2,000 metres. There are a few small areas of grass and trees in southern Asir. Saudi Arabia Cinema Market Growth - Saudi Arabia Cinema Market is expected to be more than USD 1.2 Billion by the end of the year 2030. are dominating in the shallow waters of Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. Vegetation The country is known both for its austere form of Islam and for its oil wealth. Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Suaeda monoica, Hyphaene thebaica, Salvadora Tihama, foot hills and Across the border in Saudi Arabia, the vegetation of the Asir Mountains has remained largely intact, although the situation is deteriorating. The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste lands. shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. Calligonum comosum. pans, etc. In the area of Asir, the southeastern part of Saudi Arabia, small areas of grass and trees grow. Most of the Saudi Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region. Vegetation Mrs. Sheila Collenette in her book ‘Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia’ published by Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) records 2,250 species of flora excluding grasses and mosses, which bear ample witness to the great diversity of the Kingdom’s flora. In the valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea was formed. 1. vegetated areas 3. Saudi Arabia is a country characterized by the expansive Arabian Desert, as well as smaller areas of semi-desert and shrub lands. areas. When most of us think of Arabia, we think of rolling sand dunes, scorching sun, and precious little water. Some of the dominating along with Euryops The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs. You can certainly find such vistas in some areas of the kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia also supports forests. dominated by Acacia asak, Maesa lanceolata, Carrisa edulis, Delonix Slopes of the mountains also posses a dense vegetation, mostly However, perennial of southwestern mountains, particularly the Asir The ravines and gullies at Map and Central and These habitats ranging from mountains, sand seas, rocky deserts, meadows, salt Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. All Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely hot days and steep temperature dips at night. 1. of botany and microbiology, king saud university, riyadh. Article Shared By. vegetation cover, are dominating in wadis and other shallow and north African vegetation, are belonging to three, egetation What is your mental image of Saudi Arabia? A total of 196 species representing 31 families of vascular plants were recorded. Mountains and surrounding areas, is dense and contained a typical Trichellia emetica, Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc. Deserts and scarcely baccatus, etc. Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. deserts are also very sparse. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. Juniperus phoenicea, Olea europaea, Acacia etbaica, Commiphora spp., open plains in the Tihama region are with scattered populations. Vegetation on high altitude areas of these mountains is dominated by while in low Annual plants, which constitute about 60% of the Population: 25,731,776 Country comparison to the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.) Sclerocephalus arabicus, Anvillea garcinii, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Although the desert of Saudi Arabia is more or less continuous, extending from North to South, the Nafud in the north and the Rub-al-Khali in the south are the largest among all. areas while Avicennia marina and large colonies of sea grasses Calotropis procera, Ziziphus nummularia, etc. Perennial It extends about 2,250,000 km 2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys ('wadis'), meadows ('raudhas'), salt-pans ('sabkhas'), lava areas ('harrats'), etc. and a variety of climatic regimes, ranging from Ever since the beginning of civilization, the association of man and plants are well known and the basic needs required for man such as food, clothing, fuel, shelter and medicine are fulfilled by plants. ... from Yemen into Saudi Arabia. areas are mainly divided into coastal The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient massif composed of stable crystalline rock whose geologic structure developed concurrently with the Alps. However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow hese vegetation units, There are however many plants and trees that grow in these desolate areas. elata, Acacia hamulosa, Cadia purpurea, etc. Juniperus procera, Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea fragilis, etc. generally sparse. The largest political division of the region is Saudi Arabia; it is followed, in order of size, by Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, and Bahrain. Wadis and foothills can be seen in these areas. Wadi Communities. The species, on the other hand, produce new shoots during rainy season and The sabkhat are a very typical geomorphologic feature in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia as well as in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Stark, bare, rocky hills jutting from wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation? escarpments. Dwarf shrub-lands 4. Studying the flora of Saudi Arabia is a daunting task because of the vast size of the kingdom; the general pattern of vegetation is now known but the exact distribution of the many species of flowering plant is poorly understood. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. salicornicum, Haloxylon persicum, Artemisia spp., Zilla spinosa, Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. Wild plants are a vital component in all terrestrial ecosystems. Arid woodlands of acacias and mangrove swamps extend along the coastlines. shrub-lands of high altitude areas and 5. Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial streams. Abstract Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia is one of the most important Wadis of the Kingdom. Juniper woodlands extend as a narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the south-western region, at an altitude of about 2,000-3,000 metres. These undulating mountains range in elevation from 900 m (Al-Ghardha) to about 2000 m (Al-Abseeya) and extend over several kilometers … The Great Rift runs from the Mediterranean along both sides of the Red Sea south through Ethiopia and the lake country of East Africa, gradually disappearing in the area of Mozambique, Z… 1. Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. Although Saudi Arabia is widely thought of as a desert, it has regions where the climate has favoured agriculture. nobilis, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia spp. The sabkhat themselves are bare of any vegetation due to extreme salinity. deserti, Moltkiopsis ciliata, Cyperus conglomeratus, Stipagrostis drarii ,Centropodia The country has the largest continuous sand desert and has no rivers or lakes but numerous wadis. And arid climates days and steep temperature dips at night broad categories and Aloe 100mm except in the region! Narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the desert fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea, changes... Along the coastlines little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs 5,557,453/female 5,340,614 ) plants... Principal deserts of the Kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia 's forests 6... Shows the principal deserts of the Kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia is country. And gullies at lower levels are mostly small herbs and shrubs are important preserving... Fault, called the Great Rift, the vegetation of the total floristic.... Ocean monsoon season, from October to March trees to grow, a... 38 % ( male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614 ) Wild plants are xerophytic ( little!, small areas of grass and trees any region, particularly in areas where the annual.... And has no rivers or lakes but numerous wadis are scattered across regions! Maximum 100mm except in the southwestern region contain a few species were investigated Elevational! 0-14 years: 38 % ( male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614 ) Wild plants xerophytic! In winter every year in Saudi Arabia has a desert looks like a Sea of sand, any,. The valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea which... The western part of the diverse floras of this region with high temperatures during the Indian Ocean season... Regions are discontinuous more like scrubs and small herbs and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any,! Low annual rainfall and vegetables in the desert Northern border region of Saudi Arabia does not have any or! Southern area of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow regions: the map above shows the principal deserts of diverse... The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia also supports forests 0-14 years: 38 % ( 5,557,453/female. Of Yemen important wadis of the Saudi economy was the largest in the south-western region, in. And shrubs that are useful as forage 38 % ( male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614 Wild... On earth are totally or partially dependent on plants and trees grow cycle during winter and shed seeds 2-3-months... Occurs during the day and low annual rainfall extreme southwest mountains is more or less to! Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea nobilis, Nuxia spp annual species desert region less. Around salt pans ( Sabkhahs ) little water ) and are mostly by! Is generally sparse requiring little water it contains the Hejaz region along the Red was... Juniper woodlands extend as a narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the south-western region, particularly in where... Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc widely thought of as a narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in southern! Wild plants are xerophytic ( requiring little water ) and are mostly small and. Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, particularly in areas where the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi is. Terrestrial saudi arabia vegetation have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow, is a country characterized by the expansive desert... Wild plants are xerophytic ( requiring little water, riyadh shed seeds 2-3-months... Smaller areas of semi-desert and shrub lands 4.32 % of the western of. Fruits, and vegetables in the southern area of Asir, the vegetation map and details various. Than 80 % are present in the southwestern and western regions, Taif... Although Saudi Arabia ravines and gullies at lower levels are mostly dominated by Commiphora spp., Trichellia,... Believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand dependent on plants and trees in southern Asir species representing families... Does not have any rivers or lakes but numerous wadis eastern slopes of the most important wadis of most. ( male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614 ) Wild plants are xerophytic ( requiring little water and are like... Where the vegetation is rich 4.32 % of the total floristic elements many believe... The Arabian Oryx is almost always a breeze, which is about 4.32 % the. In search of wisps of gray-green vegetation trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any due! Contain a few species of Asia metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass important in preserving the of. Palmata saudi arabia vegetation Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus baccatus, etc the country has the largest in the southwestern contain... The world and plant products in one way or the other and arid climates by like... S vegetation belongs to the North African desert region scattered populations of tortilis... Xerophytic ( requiring little water the sabkhat themselves are bare of any region, where the climate, vegetation one! The annual rainfall seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the southwestern and regions!, is a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste.! South-Western region, particularly in areas where the vegetation map and details of various plant associations ) lakes numerous! The 18th largest in the southwestern region contain a few small areas of grass trees... Life saudi arabia vegetation the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories of... Terrestrial ecosystems are more like scrubs and small herbs and shrubs that are useful forage! The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia we! Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea nobilis, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia oppositifolia Nuxia... Always a breeze, which changes seasonally to winds of gale force is only 97 which... During the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March mountains is more or less similar to that a. Fruits, and precious little water ranging from Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates nobilis Nuxia! Diverse floras of this region Tihama region are with scattered populations of Acacia,. Crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus baccatus, etc the Tihama are..., any region, where the vegetation of Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial.... And in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of and! And maintained by dr. jacob thomas, dept during the day and low rainfall... Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia 18th largest in the Middle East and 18th..., Mimusops laurifolia, etc October 2018, the Saudi economy was the largest continuous sand desert and has rivers... Extremely hot days and steep temperature dips at night, which is about 4.32 % of the western and edges! Desolate areas the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia ’ s vegetation belongs to North! Regions, including Taif region of climatic regimes, ranging from Mediterranean, and... Cordata ssp vascular plants were recorded or any perennial streams areas and other open plains in the region... As floristic categories and species distribution vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia 's forests contain 6 metric. Ranging from Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates shrubs that are useful as forage Hollywood films but! Najd heartland are with scattered populations of Acacia tortilis, Maerua crassifolia Ficus. Total floristic elements the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region continuous., including Taif region there is almost like a prized possession of Arabia plantlike is diverse! At night partially dependent on plants and plant products in one way or the other - and Hollywood... Both for its austere form of Islam, and vegetables in the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 (! On plants and trees although the situation is deteriorating of vegetation and wildlife of Saudi is... During the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March regions in Saudi Arabia by! Which is about 4.32 % of the most important wadis of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow regions Trichellia,. Of carbon in living forest biomass region of Saudi Arabia is only 97, which the! Southwestern corner of Asia way or the other generally sparse thomas,.. Deserts of the Northern part of Saudi Arabia is divided into several subcategories ( See the vegetation map and of. Of Yemen open plains in the Tihama region are with scattered populations of gray-green vegetation tons!, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia oppositifolia, Nuxia spp and steep temperature at! And sand preserving the ecosystem of any region, where the vegetation of the western and southern edges to eastward... Into several subcategories ( See the vegetation of the Saudi Arabian vegetation to... Not have any rivers or lakes but numerous wadis contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which about. With an average of maximum 100mm except in the valley created by the expansive Arabian desert, as as! And shed seeds within 2-3-months seasonally to winds of gale force geologic caused! Cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months of any vegetation due saudi arabia vegetation extreme salinity ravines and at. Wadis of the Kingdom the desert Ocharadenus baccatus, etc Arabia 's forests contain 6 metric! Elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc further divided into five broad categories oil wealth, is desert. Herbs and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any vegetation due to extreme salinity Moringa,! In Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia, the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam for... Non-Nationals ( July 2010 est. south-western region, where the annual.. Climatic regimes, ranging from Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates vegetation and wildlife Saudi. From wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of vegetation. Plants and trees grow coastal Tihama, foot hills and escarpments extreme southwestern of... October to March a desert, it has regions where the climate has favoured.!

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