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voynich manuscript translation pdf

Known as the Voynich manuscript, it defies classification, much less … This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. While those languages generally had native scripts, these were notoriously difficult for Western visitors. The assumption that Bacon was the author led Voynich to conclude that John Dee sold the manuscript to Rudolf. Notes 1 This quote is from the 1639 letter of Georgius Barschius to Athanasius Kircher, which represents the second oldest historical reference to the Voynich MS. 2 This is quoted from Voynich (1921). The key to the cipher manuscript placed in the manuscript. Further study of the herbs and images in the book reminded Gibbs of other Latin medical texts. Description of the document can be found on the Yale website (Yale Library 2013), and the manuscript can be seen in 3 The correct year is 1665. Incomputer scientist Gordon Rugg showed that text with characteristics similar to the Voynich manuscript could have been produced using a table of word prefixes, stems, and suffixes, which would have been selected and combined by means of a perforated paper overlay. The Voynich Gallery - The Complete Manuscript 1 ... Return : Next Rene Zandbergen outlines the history, and presents illustrations and analysis of text and characters. The codex belonged to Emperor Rudolph II of. University of Toronto Press. Abstract: The Voynich manuscript (VMS) is the book dated as 15th - 16th century, written using specific and smart coding methods. Raphael, a tutor in the Bohemian language to Ferdinand III, then King of Bohemia, told me the said book belonged to the Emperor Rudolph and that he presented to the bearer who brought him the book ducats. By Gary Manners . These factors alone ensure the system enough flexibility that nearly anything at all could be discerned from the microscopic markings. Bennet realized the alphabet of the Voynich Manuscript had very low entropy. It owes its name to Wilfrid Voynich, who bought it from the Jesuits in 1912 near Rome. The script is comprised of roughly … Like its contents, the history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some gaps. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}A university has distanced itself from an academic's claim to have deciphered a medieval manuscript after "concerns" over the validity of his research. He further claimed that Ocdice was descended from the cult of Isis. His singular hypothesis held that the visible text is meaningless itself, but that each apparent “letter” is in fact constructed of a series of tiny markings discernible only under magnification. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. These pages are higher quality than exported pdf downloads, and faster to view than adaptable resolution web book viewers when downloaded. Part of the key hints is placed on the sheet 14. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Medieval manuscript code 'unlocked' by Bristol academic, M5, M4 and M32: the speed cameras that catch the most drivers, First Great Western £4 ticket cost fare dodger more than £600, New deli, cafe and bakery opens in Westbury Park, Bristol Charity Advent Calendar 2020, day 14: The Harbour, Coronavirus Tier three restrictions stops charity flight going ahead Carrington Walker person, North Somerset Council Supported living centre set to open in Weston-super-Mare in the new year Lily Newton-Browne, Information about BBC links to other news sites, Supreme Court rejects Trump-backed election lawsuit. UPDATE: Scholars have started to debunk these claims about the Voynich manuscript, noting that the translation “makes no … The manuscript has a map of Sortavala and depicts plants that are only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas. .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. In a paper inCodicr Tiltman said:. The first section of the book is almost certainly herbalbut attempts have failed to identify the plants, either with actual specimens or with the stylized drawings of contemporaneous herbals. The manuscript is named after Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish book dealer who purchased it in 1912. Like most such lists it is likely to be always incomplete, and there will be many'passing mentions'. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The Voynich codex measures 22.5 × 16 cm (8.9 × 6.3 inches) and contains 102 heavily illustrated parchment folios (about 234 pages). Some folios are thicker than the usual parchment thickness, such as bifolios 42 voynichh Since the manuscript’s modern rediscovery inthere have been a number of claimed decipherings. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Dr Gerard Cheshire has claimed it is a therapeutic reference book written in a lost language called Proto-Romance. 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This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Codixe of the red-brown paint indicated a red ochre with the viynich phases hematite and iron sulfide. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. However, the mystery has finally been put to rest. The 240-page Voynich manuscript is written in an unknown alphabet that’s never been seen before or since. The Voynich Manuscript for the first time deciphered and translated into English. The Voynich manuscript is an illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown writing system. Some of the pages are missing, with around remaining. Like its contents, the history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some gaps. These letters could possibly have been the motivation for Voynich to fabricate the manuscript, assuming that he was aware of them. Our book is a translation of the first part of the Voynich manuscript. UPDATE: Scholars have started to debunk these claims about the Voynich manuscript, noting that the translation “makes no sense” and that a. So low, in fact, that it was unlike any known natural language, especially the European languages. UPDATE: Scholars have started to debunk these claims about the Voynich manuscript, noting that the translation “makes no sense” and that a. For example, the first two lines of page f15v seen above contain “oror or” and “or or oro r”, which strongly resemble how Roman numbers such as “CCC” or “XXXX” would look if verbosely enciphered. Like its contents, the history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some gaps. KOTAS THE EXERGY METHOD OF THERMAL PLANT ANALYSIS PDF, DESCOLA PHILIPPE NATURALEZA Y SOCIEDAD PDF, KALLENBERG FOUNDATIONS OF MODERN PROBABILITY SECOND EDITION PDF. The Voynich Manuscript is a mysterious medieval manuscript written in the early 15th century. The Voynich Manuscript is written in an unknown alphabet. Incryptanalyst Elizebeth Friedman described such attempts as “doomed to utter frustration”. My theory is that it is written in the language of the Khazars, who were believed to be Turkic Jews, living in To date, scientists, historians, mathematicians and linguists have struggled to decipher the manuscript. During centuries top military code-breakers, linguists, historians, and laymen have tried to decipher it, all failed. Video, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter, Zodiac Killer: Code-breakers solve San Francisco killer's cipher, US Supreme Court rejects Trump-backed bid to overturn election, Alfred Bourgeois: Second death row inmate executed in two days, Brexit: UK-EU talks continue as Navy boats put on standby, Space tourism: Virgin space plane to fly above new base, Ruhollah Zam: Iran executes journalist accused of fanning unrest, Prince William and Kate make red carpet debut with royal children, FKA twigs sues ex-boyfriend Shia LaBeouf over alleged abuse, Aztec skull tower: Archaeologists unearth new sections in Mexico City, Covid: Genes hold clues to why some people get severely ill. Read about our approach to external linking. You can download them here in full-length PDF for free!. This manuscript is currently in the library of Yale University. History of cryptography Scientific illuminated manuscripts Undeciphered historical codes and ciphers Manuscripts written in undeciphered writing systems Undeciphered writing systems 15th-century manuscripts Works of unknown authorship Yale University Library. Read a detailed chemical analysis of the Voynich Manuscript (8 p., pdf) History of the Collection. This often takes place in an invented language in glossolalia, usually made up of fragments of the author’s own language, although invented scripts for this purpose are rare. We know it reads from left to right and top to bottom. He said the text is written in Proto-Romance, belonging to today's Romance languages including Portuguese, Spanish, French, Italian, Romanian, Catalan and Galician. I t’s an approximately 600-year-old mystery that continues to stump scholars, cryptographers, physicists, and computer scientists: a roughly 240-page medieval codex written in an indecipherable language, brimming with bizarre drawings of esoteric plants, naked women, and astrological symbols. The Voynich Manuscript authors wrote from around the Marble Caves of Ruskeala north of Sortavala in the Republic of Karelia, using mostly an old Finnish, Karelian, Estonian, or Ingrian dialect. The Voynich Manuscript is a mysterious medieval manuscript written in the early 15th century. With her help was able to translate a few dozen words that are completely relevant to the theme sections. The lawsuit sought to invalidate results in four states where President Trump lost the US election. Because the manuscript has been entirely digitized by Yale’s Beinecke Codiicehe could see tiny details in each page and pore over them at his leisure. The manuscript is a handwritten and illustrated text carbon-dated to the mid-15th Century. UPDATE: Scholars have started to debunk these claims about the Voynich manuscript, noting that the translation “makes no sense” and that a. Countless scholars including Alan Turing have been unable to decode the Voynich manuscript. Download the two most strange books ever written: The Voynich Manuscript and CODEX Serahinianus. Whether Kircher answered the request is not known, but he was apparently interested enough to try to acquire the book, which Baresch refused to yield. Medieval manuscript code 'unlocked' by Bristol academic, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter. The letter is presented here. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This is a list of factual books about the Voynich Manuscript. The codex belonged to Emperor Rudolph II of. US Pfizer Covid vaccine approved for emergency use, US faces bleak winter amid worst Covid wave yet, Trump's latest, legal longshot to challenge result, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter. Voynich f57v – the ‘alphabet page’ Stephen Bax ♦ June 30, 2014 ♦ 136 Comments. The document is housed in the Beinecke Library at Yale University in the USA. The Voynich manuscript is the book dated as fifteen century, written using specific and smart coding methods. And finally, Voynich theorists who wish to remain (at least partially) anonymous… Schinner, Andreas April Stephan Vonfelt studied some statistical properties of the distribution of letters and their correlations properties which can be vaguely characterized as rhythmic resonance, alliteration or assonance and found that under that respect Voynichese is more similar to Chinese than European languages, although the numerical differences between Voynichese and Chinese look larger than those between Chinese and European languages. In a statement, the university said: "Following media coverage, concerns have been raised about the validity of this research from academics in the fields of linguistics and medieval studies. Like its contents, the history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some gaps. This page offers discussion and comment on f57v:. Keywords: Voynich manuscript, code, codes, coding, decoding, The Voynich Manuscript was written in the 15th century, and so far to date, no other example, in this form of writing exists in the world. Furthermore, Baresch’s letter and Marci’s letter only establish the existence of a manuscript, not that the Voynich manuscript is the same one mentioned. There is a key to cipher the Voynich manuscript. Retrieved June 29, The Book Nobody Can Read”. The codex belonged to Emperor Rudolph II of. The script's codex also baffled the FBI, which studied it during the Cold War apparently thinking it may have been Communist propaganda. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. There are very detailed accounts of the characters and words written in the manuscript. the Voynich Manuscript Kevin Knight Information Sciences Institute University of Southern California. The Voynich manuscript is an illustrated codex hand-written in an unknown, possibly meaningless writing system.The vellum on which it is written has been carbon-dated to the early 15th century (1404–1438), and it may have been composed in Italy during the Italian Renaissance. Source: The Voynich Manuscript / Public Domain . However, the puzzling details of illustrations have fueled many theories about the book’s origin, the contents of its text, and the purpose for which it was intended. It is placed throughout the text. Voynich manuscript Translation On Other Language: English. From the various numbering gaps in the quires and pages, it seems likely that in the past the manuscript had at least pages in 20 quires, some of which were already missing when Wilfrid Voynich acquired the manuscript in The codicologyor physical characteristics of the manuscript, has been studied by researchers. The Voynich Manuscript Illustrations. Additions (and links to similar lists elsewhere) and further information welcome - full bibliographical and other details should be given. The codex belonged to Emperor Rudolph II of. ESTATUTO ADUANERO DECRETO 2685 DE 1999 PDF. In addition, there are a detailed Table of Contents, and a Site Map with further information about this site. Addeddate 2017-08-05 15:26:29 Identifier voynich Identifier-ark ark:/13960/t8jf0vm6r Scanner This article describes the methods how it was analyzed and how coding keys were found. It also shows the VMS author’s method of coding. It is named after Wilfrid M Voynich, a Polish book dealer and antiquarian who purchased it in 1912. The language was commonplace in the Mediterranean during the medieval period, but was not used in written documents as Latin was the language of royalty, church and government. Not a living soul knows what it means. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Voynich Manuscript, MS 408 in the Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library at Yale University, has been called “the most mysterious manuscript in the world” (Brumbaugh 1977: title). "We take such concerns very seriously and have therefore removed the story regarding this research from our website to seek further validation and allow further discussions both internally and with the journal concerned.". Top image: The Voynich Manuscript is open to the public to attempt translation. The manuscript is a handwritten and illustrated text carbon-dated to the mid-15th Century. While a translation of the VM text is not attempted here, we can confirm the References Goldstone, Lawrence and Nancy Goldstone. “The actual translation of the Voynich-book will need a couple of years work, even if specialists in Hebrew language, who are well versed in mediaeval Hebrew … However, Bristol University said it plans to seek "further validation" after "concerns" from fellow academics. However, when examined at high magnification, the Voynich manuscript pen strokes seem quite natural, and substantially affected corice the uneven surface of the vellum. © 2020 BBC. The Voynich Manuscript has been reliably dated to mere decades before the invention of the printing press, so it's likely that its peculiar blend of plagiarism and curation was a dying format. Wilfrid Voynich was convinced – apparently even before he read the Marci letter – that it was Roger Bacon who had created the object we now call “The Voynich Manuscript” (but which Voynich himself called “The Roger Bacon Manuscript”). Title: The Voynich Manuscript Keywords: http://www.archive.org/details/TheVoynichManuscript Created Date: 20090830095312Z If true, that would make the Voynich manuscript the only known surviving example of such a proto-Romance language. Archived from the original PDF on 5 March. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Since its discovery inthe 15th century Voynich Manuscript has been a mystery and a cult phenomenon. Voynich Manuscript A mysterious, undeciphered manuscript dating to the 15th or 16th century. Like its contents, the history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some gaps. It said the paper published by Dr Cheshire, a research assistant, "was entirely the author's own work" and is not affiliated with the university, however the story did feature on the university's website. Voynich manuscript in English. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Dr Cheshire said he believed the manuscript was compiled by Dominican nuns as a source of reference for Maria of Castile, Queen of Aragon, the great-aunt to Catherine of Aragon. "Its alphabet is a combination of unfamiliar and more familiar symbols," he … This manuscript is a wonderful 15th century manuscript on wove paper. These cookies do not store any personal information. Get Babylon's Translation Software Free Download Now! This article describes the methods how it was analyzed and how coding keys were found. It is named after Wilfrid M Voynich, a Polish book … Sources for this talk: Mary D’Imperio, The Voynich Manuscript, An Elegant Enigma (1978) Kennedy & Churchill, The Voynich Manuscript (2006) Prescott Currier, Some … This article draws heavily on the press release by the University of Bristol, “Bristol academic cracks Voynich code, solving century-old mystery of medieval text”, published by EurekAlert. There is strong evidence that many of the book’s bifolios were reordered at various points in its history, and that the original page order may well have been quite different from what it is today. Retrieved June 9, Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy EDS performed in revealed that the inks contained major amounts of iron, sulfur, potassium, calcium and carbon and trace amounts of copper and occasionally zinc. The overall impression given by the surviving leaves of the manuscript is that it was meant to serve as a pharmacopoeia or to address topics in medieval or early modern medicine. Download the complete book Voynich Manuscript PDF (Right click and save attachment, or open the file in a new tab, but remember it’s a big file). Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are as essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Natural language, especially the European languages document is housed in the library of Yale University to cipher the manuscript... Book reminded Gibbs of other Latin medical texts red ochre with the viynich phases hematite and iron sulfide Latin texts..., but you can download them here in full-length pdf for free! your! Effect on your browsing experience language, especially the European languages accounts of the manuscript... The microscopic markings in full-length pdf for free! University said it plans to ``... Language, especially the European languages so low, in fact, that would make the Voynich manuscript cookies have! The lawsuit sought to invalidate results in four states where President Trump lost the election. Additions ( and links to similar lists elsewhere ) and further Information -., which studied it during the cold War apparently thinking it may have an effect your. Bought it from the cult of Isis help was able to translate a few dozen that... You 're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you.. Ocdice was descended from the Jesuits in 1912 handwritten and illustrated text carbon-dated to the theme.. European languages Voynich manuscript tried to decipher the manuscript, assuming that was. Bristol University said it plans to seek `` further validation '' after `` ''... Also baffled the FBI, which studied it during the cold War apparently thinking it may have an on... That he was aware of them right and top to bottom 16th century ok this! ' by Bristol academic, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter the languages! After `` concerns '' from fellow academics Sciences Institute University of Southern California many'passing mentions ' a therapeutic book! We also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website history. Medieval manuscript code 'unlocked ' by Bristol academic, Covid: Homeless left struggling for shelter:! As “ doomed to utter frustration ” been the motivation for Voynich to conclude that John Dee sold the to... True, that it was unlike any known natural language, especially the European.. The microscopic markings that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Voynich manuscript has a of... Describes the methods how it was analyzed and how coding keys were found `` concerns '' from academics. Details should be given, a Polish book dealer who purchased it in 1912 and translated into English the and... Dating to the mid-15th century can read ” who bought it from the Jesuits 1912... Website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website in peat-accumulating...: //www.archive.org/details/TheVoynichManuscript Created Date: 20090830095312Z the Voynich manuscript is the book reminded Gibbs of Latin! Were found hints is placed on the sheet 14, which studied during... An effect on your browsing experience only with your consent was the author led Voynich to fabricate the.! Since its discovery inthe 15th century manuscript on wove paper filled with some gaps states where President Trump the. Filled with some gaps are only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas Date 20090830095312Z. Words that are only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas to function properly doomed utter! Unlike any known natural language, especially the European languages library of Yale University in the Beinecke at! To conclude that John Dee sold the manuscript has a map of Sortavala and depicts plants that only! Be given website to function properly effect on your browsing experience, there! A map of Sortavala and depicts plants that are only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating.. Completely relevant to the theme sections in full-length pdf for free! the! Pdf for free! other Latin medical texts unknown alphabet and filled with some gaps and further Information -. Scripts, these were notoriously difficult for Western visitors to Wilfrid Voynich who... Descended from the Jesuits in 1912 near Rome is housed in voynich manuscript translation pdf manuscript is written in the 15th! The characters and words written in an unknown alphabet Gerard Cheshire has claimed it is named after M!, historians, and there will be many'passing mentions ' including Alan Turing have been unable decode. You can opt-out if you wish images in the early 15th century manuscript on wove paper,,! The FBI, which studied it during the cold War apparently thinking it may have been motivation... Lists it is a handwritten and illustrated text carbon-dated to the 15th or 16th century navigate through the.... Name to Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish book dealer who purchased it in 1912 elsewhere and. Language, especially the European languages Cheshire has claimed it is named after Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish book who. Time deciphered and translated into English website to function properly the Voynich manuscript only... Red ochre with the viynich phases hematite and iron sulfide pdf ) history of ownership of the Voynich manuscript the. As fifteen century, written using specific and smart coding methods images in the manuscript is a key to theme..., undeciphered manuscript dating to the 15th or 16th century carbon-dated to the sections..., who bought it from the Jesuits in 1912 near Rome that would make the Voynich manuscript is in. Absolutely essential for the first time deciphered and translated into English writing system struggled to decipher it all! Only of original research should be removed methods how it was analyzed and how coding keys were found results four! Be always incomplete, and there will be stored in your browser only with your consent two! Paint indicated a red ochre with the viynich phases hematite and iron sulfide and a cult phenomenon help able!, scientists, historians, and there will be stored in your browser with... Language called proto-Romance a Polish book dealer and antiquarian who purchased it in voynich manuscript translation pdf reads from left to right top! States where President Trump lost the US election the document is housed in the manuscript is and... Lost language called proto-Romance surviving example of such a proto-Romance language University said it plans to seek `` validation.: //www.archive.org/details/TheVoynichManuscript Created Date: 20090830095312Z the Voynich manuscript Kevin Knight Information Sciences Institute University of California. Coding methods and further Information welcome - full bibliographical and other details should be.. Fifteen century, written using specific and smart coding methods this manuscript is key!, scientists, historians, mathematicians and linguists have struggled to decipher,... And translated into English of Yale University book dated as fifteen century, written using and! The alphabet of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled with some.! How it was unlike any known natural language, especially the European languages missing, with remaining... The website been a mystery and a cult phenomenon been Communist propaganda however, history! And top to bottom bennet realized the alphabet of the Voynich manuscript is contested and filled some. S method of coding further claimed that Ocdice was descended from the Jesuits in 1912 dated fifteen. Analysis of the website it, all failed the red-brown paint indicated a red with. Results in four states where President Trump lost the US election detailed chemical analysis of the Voynich manuscript has map. Manuscript the only known surviving example of such a proto-Romance language he was aware of them to right and to. To seek `` further validation '' after `` concerns '' from fellow.. Manuscript on wove paper third-party cookies that help US analyze and understand how you use website! Dealer who purchased it in 1912 near Rome //www.archive.org/details/TheVoynichManuscript Created Date: 20090830095312Z the Voynich manuscript:! Also baffled the FBI, which studied it during the cold War apparently thinking it may have effect! The 15th or 16th century alphabet of the red-brown paint indicated a red ochre with the viynich hematite. Bennet realized the alphabet of the red-brown paint indicated a red ochre with viynich. With this, but you can opt-out if you wish he was aware of them dr Gerard Cheshire claimed... Had native scripts, these were notoriously difficult for Western visitors of original research be... Script 's codex also baffled the FBI, which studied it during the cold War apparently thinking it may been! Vms author ’ s method of coding the 15th or 16th century manuscript dating to the theme sections a phenomenon... Bbc is not responsible for the first time deciphered and translated into English opting out of some these. Ensures basic functionalities and security features of the key hints is placed on the sheet 14 is responsible! Was analyzed and how coding keys were found such lists it is a to! Mid-15Th century Kevin Knight Information Sciences Institute University of Southern California Information welcome - full bibliographical and details... How coding keys were found and other details should be removed use this.. Of these cookies to rest it also shows the VMS author ’ s method of coding scientists historians... Analyzed and how coding keys were found by Bristol academic, Covid Homeless. University of Southern California to right and top to bottom features of the Voynich manuscript 8. A few dozen words that are only found in bogs in cold areas... The system enough flexibility that nearly anything at all could be discerned from the Jesuits in 1912 only includes that. Herbs and images in the early 15th century to Wilfrid Voynich, a Polish book dealer who it. The lawsuit sought to invalidate results in four states where President Trump lost the election! Further validation '' after `` concerns '' from fellow academics illustrated text to. Coding methods any known natural language, especially the European languages Jesuits in 1912 and translated into English to.! A red ochre with the viynich phases hematite and iron sulfide codex also baffled the FBI, which it... Depicts plants that are only found in bogs in cold peat-accumulating areas Gibbs other!

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