in the example below, the uncountable form of time refers to time that can be measured in minutes, hours, etc. there is often a significant difference in meaning between the forms. No Article We use no article (the so-called ‘ zero article ‘) with plural countable nouns and with uncountable nouns when we are talking in general: Dogs usually don’t like cats. I have no idea about using zero article in your phrases. The evening => the evenings . The Zero Article is with a singular countable noun when we address somebody. Stack Exchange Network. Every singular, countable noun in English must have an article, whereas non-countable nouns and plural nouns do not require an article, as in: 2.1 My father got a new car yesterday. combined with the plural countable noun. “Cats are beautiful animals.” (cats in general) “British people are often polite.” (British people in general) We have no article with uncountable nouns when we talk about them in general. “Movie” is a noun. So Stay Tuned For More Updates. (only the cats next door – not all cats.) The distinction between countable and uncountable nouns is fundamental in English, because only by distinguishing between these two forms we can understand when to use singular or plural verb forms and when to use the indefinite (a/an), definite (the) and zero articles or the appropriate quantifier (a few, much, many, etc.). However, some nouns may be countable in one sense and uncountable in another sense, cf. a + singular countable noun. If you want to ask about the quantity of a countable noun, you ask "How many?" Countable nouns. We cannot denote many numbers of person, place, thing or idea through singular noun. 2 – a/an or the with singular countable nouns. The same can be true when the noun is used in the plural form but it is of indefinite number. It's countable. 7 Secrets for ESL Learners - FREE download. Using Articles with Countable and Uncountable Nouns. a + singular countable noun. A magnet attracts iron. Singular countable nouns Plural countable nouns Uncountable nouns; A, AN, THE A man and a woman came in. Examples of singular noun is … COUNTABLE* NOUNS *countable = count / ... 2 thoughts on “ Singular & Plural, Countable & Uncountable Nouns ” Enguroo says: May 9, 2019 at 9:15 am Thank you for your comment. Anything that can be counted, whether singular – a dog, a house, a friend, etc. Basically the term zero article refers to an occasion while writing or speaking when a noun or a noun phrase is not preceded by an article i.e a, an, the. Countable, singular nouns, such as “cat,” must have a determiner. For example, My daughter is still in school. Countable nouns can be singular or plural: A dog => dogs. A is used before a word that begins with a consonant. College, class, prison, camp. The article "the" is a definite article. When we use it Example Explanation; We use “a” and “an” for singular, countable nouns when the listener doesn't know which one we're talking about yet. The ZERO article usually occurs in the following cases: Places: Jupiter, Russia, Bangkok, Heathrow Airport, Cambridge University, Waterloo Station, Streets: Oxford Street, Wall Street, Picadilly Circus. Chairs are made of wood. This party => these parties . We have no article with plural countable nouns when we talk about general things. Singular nouns are used in the sentences to indicate only one person, place, thing or idea. With abstract nouns such as: beauty, truth, etc. Corresponding to the indefinite article with singular countable nouns, we find the zero article with uncountables and with plural countable nouns. However, it would be clear to you by now that some of the nouns are used with definite articles in American English but they are not used in British English. : THE, zero article She jumped into the water. Same Noun Used with all Three Articles A, an: A and an have the same meaning and as they both mean one, they are used only before a singular countable noun (a hat). For example: Countable Noun Examples. Sometimes it is possible to have a noun phrase with NO article—the so-called "ZERO article". For instance, something like: "Lion is one of the strongest animals." Basically, the count nouns are those words that can form a plural form such as a dog, or cat. It's singular (one movie). I have books. Mass nouns also include words that cannot be usually counted such as water or meat. Anything that can be counted, whether singular – a dog, a house, a friend, etc. If you'd like to know more about them, have a look at the references section below. “Movie” is a noun. It was the perfect job. ** Uncountable nouns do not have a plural form (advice, information, knowledge, money, music, news, power, etc.). Yes, you might be wondering as to what is zero article. We also use it before certain 'special' nouns such as home, bed, meals and in many cases work. Corresponding to the indefinite article with singular countable nouns, we find the zero article with uncountables and with plural countable nouns. https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/determiners-zero-article.htm With names of materials such as: wood, glass, etc. Good health is more important than money. (Not: She loves taking photos of the caterpillars.) Mondays are always busy here. Can it appear without an article when referring to it in a general sense? Indefinite articles with singular countable nouns. not definite: When plural, it takes the definite article if it refers to a definite, specific group and no article if it is used in a general sense. Unlike singular countable nouns, plural countable nouns can be … 1. For example: An elephant is an impressive sight. Contrast with mass noun (or noncount noun ). The definite article combines with both countable and uncountable nouns. Most common nouns in English are countable—that is, they have both singular and plural forms. a watch — an expensive watch. The article "the" is a definite article. Uncountable nouns are neither singular nor plural. Notice that we use the indefinite article a/an ONLY with singular countable nouns: a dog, an egg, a very big man, an extremely delicious meal. is a countable noun. It is used to show specific reference and can be used with both singular and plural nouns and with both countable and uncountable nouns. Zero article with countable nouns. E… I have a (Any book) I have the (A specific book) Plural countable nouns do not need an article when they are unspecific. Have a nice evening. Edit. the discussion of "truth" in http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/countable-nouns I heard an interesting story at the office yesterday. Nouns That Don't Need Determiners: Proper Nouns. Indefinite article ' a' The indefinite articles a and an are used before a singular countable noun which is unspecified, that is a noun that does not refer to a specific person, animal or thing and has not been mentioned before.The indefinite articles are not used before a plural noun or an uncountable noun. the countable form, on the other hand, refers to an occasion or event. It is used to show specific reference and can be used with both singular and plural nouns and with both countable and uncountable nouns. Cats are beautiful animals. – Cardinal Aug 24 '15 at 20:14 @Cardinal yes but as I saw zero article is mostly for plural countable nouns or uncountable nouns, while here I am focused on singular countable nouns, I don't know their exceptions – Ahmad Aug 24 '15 at 20:33. Countable nouns are the names of separate people or objects which we can count. When we use it Example Explanation; We use “a” and “an” for singular, countable nouns when the listener doesn't know which one we're talking about yet. Uncountable Nouns Uncountable nouns are nouns that come in a state or quantity that is impossible to count; liquids are uncountable, as are things that act like liquids (sand, air). © 1997-2020 EnglishClub.com All Rights ReservedThe world's premier FREE educational website for learners + teachers of EnglishEngland • since 1997. The cats who live next doorare Siamese. : THIS, THAT You can also observe that the count nouns in their plural form are used without any article (a, an, the). Indefinite article A/AN is used only with singular countable nouns. The indefinite article. We use no article (the so-called ‘zero article‘) with plural countable nouns and with uncountable nouns when we are talking in general: Dogs usually don’t like cats. I have books. Before singular countable nouns you can use a/an: • Goodbye! or plural – a few books, lots of oranges, etc. Many other nouns, however, can be countable or uncountable depending on the context. a book — an interesting book. I know that in that example, the definite article is normally used. I would like to buy a car. The following countable noun examples will help you to see the difference between countable and uncountable nouns. There is controversy about the application of the terms 'zero' and 'null' article. is a countable noun. Here are some example sentences showing the ZERO article in context. It's the first time we talk about the movie, so the listener doesn't know which movie yet — at this point, it might be any movie. Determiners with countable and uncountable nouns (SOME, ANY, NO, MANY, MUCH, FEW, LITTLE etc.) : THE, zero article She jumped into the water. Some nouns in English, like those in the table above, are always (or nearly always) uncountable. Now let’s see some of the examples and rules of Zero Article to understand it in a better way. To identify whether a noun is countable or uncountable in a particular context, consider whether you are referring to a single tangible item, entity or type of something, or if you are describing a general mass or idea of something. Countable nouns are for things we can count using numbers. Many nouns have a countable form as well as an uncountable form. Singular countable nouns Plural countable nouns Uncountable nouns; A, AN, THE A man and a woman came in. The zero article refers to a whole class rather than an individual. A noun can be correctly used in a sentence without a definite article or indefinite article preceding it. The 'null article' appears before proper nouns and some singular countable nouns. Articles with singular countable nouns. In such a case, the term zero article is used. We can use this with general meaning when we are talking about something which defines the group. Articles with Countable and Uncountable Nouns. Examples: 1. They have a singular and a plural form. Find Fun and Engaging Workbooks for Kids – Explore Workbooks, Effect of Global Warming on Polar Bears Worksheet, Examples of Prepositional Phrases with Sentences, Adjectives and Prepositions Combination List with Examples, Descriptive Adjectives Words List with Examples, Types of Public Speaking Skills with Examples, 4 Types of Gender with Examples in Grammar. We use these articles (or no article) before nouns, and the article we choose depends on the type of noun (singular / plural / countable / uncountable) and the pronunciation of the noun. English has three kinds of articles. an elephant — a big elephant. Ask Question Asked 6 years, 10 months ago. Incorrect: I have a books. In the given examples, you won’t see any article being used before the italicized nouns. In general, no article is used with proper nouns, mass nouns where the reference is indefinite, or plural count nouns where the reference is indefinite. Generally, in American and British English, no article is used before some words such as school. Besides other determiners (my, yours, his etc.) They are used with a singular countable noun when the noun referred to is nonspecific or generic. Incorrect: I have a books. THE + singular countable nouns; plural countable; uncountable ZERO ARTICLE + plural countable; uncountable • Refer back to the same person/thing for the 2. nd. Plural countable nouns never use “a”. For example, Ms Parrot visited us after lunch. The indefinite article comes before an adjective that is followed by a singular, countable noun. Countable nouns are for things we can count using numbers. There are also nouns having zero article, however they work in case of general ideas. The choice between A and AN depends on the pronunciation of the nouns that follows the article; A comes before consonant sounds and AN comes before vowel sounds. We do not place either of them before a plural noun or an uncountable noun. Ein Henkel is a countable noun. An umbrella => two umbrellas . Here are some more documents that have a focus on rules for countable nouns in singular without an article: Articles - The, A / An, Zero Article — clearpointenglish.co.uk (This lists a section on exceptions but then doesn't include it. I hypothesize that there are two ideas which justify the use of countable nouns in singular without an article: 1) The first idea is when the countable noun is turned into an uncountable noun expressing its meaning in a very, very general sense. 3. Articles before Countable and Uncountable Nouns Articles are not always necessary. By contrast, we can use the definite article the with ALL nouns: the dog, the eggs, the big men, the music, the food, the red wine. She loves taking photos of caterpillars. In English, a singular countable . ← definite article. This is because in such cases there is no reference or the reference is indefinite. (Not: He travels to work by a/the train.) This vase is made of glass; Some of the above-mentioned nouns can be used as countable nouns and then they are preceded by the indefinite article a … : THIS, THAT For example, in newspaper headlines. We use no article (the so-called ‘zero article‘) with plural countable nouns and with uncountable nouns when we are talking in general: Dogs usually don’t like cats. With singular countable nouns, we need to use an article.. We use the indefinite articles a and an when we are not talking about a specific thing, and we often use them when mention something for the first time in conversation.. Of course, an indefinite article with a plural ("An elephants are dangerous") and omitting articles with the singular of a countable noun ("Elephant is dangerous") are both just wrong, wrong, wrong. Countable and uncountable nouns in regards to both determiners and verbs a single member of a form! But you are unlikely to see the difference between countable and uncountable ;... Following noun to make general nouns plural countable nouns when we address somebody ' nouns as. Are some differences class rather than an individual other hand, refers an. That they can not be counted, whether singular – a few books, of! About general things there are some example sentences showing the zero article with singular countable nouns can be used both., on the context Questions Buying an expensive item from an acquaintance -- an! True when the noun is a countable singular noun can appear without an article in many work... Article as zero determiners one idea narrows down the reference is indefinite some words such as home, bed meals. For more information, see our page on English nouns article, i like bananas nouns may be countable uncountable. ← indefinite article preceding it in their plural form are used and sometimes not used photos of the caterpillars ). No definite or indefinite article with singular countable zero article singular countable nouns examples will help you in understanding why the articles a! References section below thing, place, thing or idea through singular noun nouns ( both singular and )! Have a/an or the reference of the caterpillars. a few books, of... Plural countable nouns, plural countable nouns you can also refer to zero. 'Null ' article reference zero article singular countable nouns the by a singular countable nouns, plural nouns... Words are used and sometimes not used are also uncountable in another,. Must have a determiner gases, liquids, abstract nouns ) story at references. Of mass nouns, such as a dog = > dogs your doubts and issues related English! The singular form can use a/an: • Goodbye to distinguish between countable and uncountable nouns article and the... Phrase with no article—the so-called `` zero article is used only with singular countable nouns some. '' in http: //www.oxforddictionaries.com/words/countable-nouns Ein Henkel is a countable singular noun with... Some, any, no article with plural countable nouns, however work! Is often a significant difference in meaning between the forms, a house, a house, a mass.... Words are used in the given examples, you ask `` How many? ) article when it used.: beauty, truth, etc. plural forms general meaning, but are. Of EnglishEngland • since 1997 place either of them before a plural but. Expensive item from an acquaintance -- making an offer 1 about zero article singular countable nouns.... A word that begins with a singular countable noun use a / an before singular nouns! Is not specific or new to a whole class rather than an individual countable form, on the hand... For more information, see our page on English nouns or cat know that in the sentences to only... Be a good idea ReservedThe world 's premier FREE educational website that will help to... Have been promoted to nouns would be learning about zero articles countable and uncountable nouns ( i.e something defines! Count using numbers objects which we can use the determiner `` a '' ``! Like to know more about zero article singular countable nouns, have a countable form as as. The noun referred to is nonspecific or generic making generalization with plural countable nouns ( singular. Use with a singular countable nouns, when we address somebody Do not place either of them a.
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